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WTEC Study on Micromanufacturing


Final report

The final report on Micromanufacturing is now available in PDF format.
Individual chapters are also available.

Final Workshop

Scope of the Work

This international technology assessment study will focus on the emerging global trend toward the miniaturization of manufacturing equipment and systems for micro-scale components and products, i.e., “Small Equipment for Small Parts.” This trend, with increasing frequency referred to as the “Microfactory Manufacturing Paradigm,” encompasses the creation of miniaturized unit or hybrid processes integrated with metrology, material handling and assembly to create “microfactories” capable of producing micro-precision products in a fully-automated manner at low cost. The study will investigate both the state-of-the-art and as well as emerging technologies from the scientific, technological, and commercialization perspectives across key industrial sectors including medical, electronics, aerospace, and consumer products. This study will NOT include the lithographic based processes.

Issues to be Explored:

The principal questions, broadly classified into three categories, that relate to miniaturization and for which answers will be sought are:


[photo: Kornel F. Ehmann]
Kornel F. Ehmann (panel chair)
  • James N. and Nancy J. Farley Professor in Manufacturing and Entrepreneurship, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Northwestern University – Dr. Ehmann’s research focuses on Machine Tool Dynamics and Control; Metal Cutting Processes; Automation and Robotics; Precision and Micro-manufacturing
  • Northwestern University
    Department of Mechanical Engineering
    2145 Sheridan Road
    Evanston, Illinois 60208
David Bourell
David Bourell
  • Temple Foundation Endowed Faculty Professor No. 2 Professor of Mechanical Engineering, University of Texas at Austin - Dr. Bourell's areas of research include materials selection, mechanical behavior of materials and particulate processing.
  • 1 University Station C2200
    Mechanical Engineering Dept.
    The University of Texas at Austin
    Austin, TX 78712-0292
Martin L. Culpepper
Martin L. Culpepper
  • Rockwell International Assistant Professor of Mechanical Engineering. Dr. Culpepper's research focuses on Nanopositioning, Micro/Nano-scale machine design, Multi-scale Design and Precision Machine Design.
  • Room 3-449B
    Department of Mechanical Engineering
    77 Massachusetts Avenue
    Cambridge, MA 02139-4307
[photo: Thom J. Hodgson]
Thom J. Hodgson
  • NAE member, James T. Ryan Professor & Director of Integrated Manufacturing Systems Engineering Institute, NCSU - Dr. Hodgson's research focuses on scheduling, logistics, production and inventory control; manufacturing systems; and applied and military operations research.
  • North Carolina State University
    Department of Industrial Engineering
    Office: 113 Park Shops
Thomas R. Kurfess
Thomas R. Kurfess
  • Dr. Kurfess’ research focuses on the control of precision grinding systems that involve the development and implementation of adaptive controllers for precision grinding operations, including bore grinding, through fee centerless grinding and surface grinding. Ultrarigid machines tools with open architecture controls are employed. The results of this work are used in a number of industrial environments.
  • Professor and BMW Chair of Manufacturing
    Department of Mechanical Engineering
    Director, Carroll A. Campbell Jr. Graduate Engineering Center
    International Center for Automotive Research
    Clemson University
Marc Madou
Marc Madou
  • Chancellor’s Professor, Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, Department of Biomedical Engineering, Department of Integrated Nanosystems Research Facility, University of California at Irvine – Dr. Madou’s research focuses on DNA Arrays, CD Fluidics - Sample Preparation, Polymer Actuators, C-MEMS, and Novel Lithography Techniques.
  • University of California at Irvine
    Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering
    S3231 Engineering Gateway
    Irvine, California, 92697
Kamlakar Rajurkar
Kamlakar Rajurkar
  • Distinguished Professor of Engineering, Director of Center for Nontraditional Manufacturing Research and Interim Associate Dean, College of Engineering and Technology at the University of Nebraska-Lincoln - Dr. Rajurkar's research focuses on Modeling and Analysis and Control of Traditional and Nontraditional Manufacturing Processes.
  • University of Nebraska at Lincoln
    Department of Industrial and Management Systems Engineering
    176 Nebraska Hall
    Lincoln, Nebraska 68588
  • Center for Non Traditional Manufacturing Research


[photo: Richard DeVor]
Richard DeVor
  • College of Engineering Distinguished Professor of Manufacturing, Research Professor, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign.
    Dr. DeVor’s research focuses on Engineering Statistics and Quality Control; Environmental Engineering; Manufacturing Systems; Nano-, Micro-, and Meso-Technology.
  • Department of Mechanical and Industrial Engineering
    University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
    158 Mechanical Engineering Building, MC-244
    1206 West Green Street
    Urbana, IL 61801