Site: Russian Academy of Sciences
17 Lavrentyev Ave.
Novosibirsk, 630090, Russia
Date of Visit: November 1, 1995 WTEC Attendees:
J. B. Mooney (report author), H. B. Ali, R. Blidberg, S. Chechin, M. J. DeHaemer, L. Gentry, J. Moniz
Academician Yurii Shokin
The Russian Academy of Sciences (RAS) is divided into three branches. The Urals Branch headquartered in Yekaterinburg, the Far Eastern Branch in Vladivostok, and between the two the Siberian Branch (SB) is headquartered in the academic township (Akademgorodok) of Novosibirsk, which is about 30 kilometers outside the city of Novosibirsk. The city of Novosibirsk is located at the geographic center of Russia. The Siberian Branch RAS clearly covers a much larger geographic area of Russia than the other two branches. The SB RAS was founded in 1957. This branch of the RAS has 12 regional centers, in Novosibirsk, Irkutsk, Tomsk, Krasnoyarsk, Ulan-Ude, Omsk, Kemerovo, Tyumen, Barnaul, Chita, and Kyzyl. The SB is composed of over 74 research institutes and experimental design offices covering the fields of physics, mathematics, technical, chemical, biological, geological, and social sciences.
The branch employs 40,400 people. Five years ago the number was 55,000. Of these, 72% are employees in the 74 research institutes and 28% are in 13 support organizations. Among the 9,000 research staff of the SB there are about 55 academicians and 64 corresponding members of the RAS, 700 doctors of science, and 5000 candidates of sciences. Doctors of science are equivalent to professors in the United States and candidates of science are equivalent to assistant professors. Of the members of the SB RAS, 15% percent are younger than 33, and 30% are over 50 years of age. The distribution of personnel among the 12 divisions of the SB RAS is shown in Table 2.7.Table 2.7
The SB is experiencing decreasing budgets as indicated in percentages in Table 2.8. All 1990 figures are 100%. This site visit was a courtesy call on our host Academician Yurii Shokin, general science secretary of the SB RAS. Academician Shokin regards the branch as a large research corporation. As such they want to work directly with large companies and other established organizations, no middle men. Organizations deserving to work with the SB must work through official channels of the SB and its institutes. According to Shokin, this guarantees that researchers will be paid with minimal overhead charges. Academician Shokin indicated that the Novosibirsk Akademgorodok has the best institutes in Russia, as rated by foreigners.Table 2.8