Site: Russian Academy of Sciences
Far Eastern Branch
50 Svetlanskaya St.
Vladivostok, 690600, Russia
Phone: (4232) 222528, 223721
Fax: (4232) 228750
Date Visited: October 23, 1995
J. B. Mooney, Jr. (report author), H. B. Ali, R. Blidberg, S. Chechin, M. J. DeHaemer, L. Gentry, J. Moniz, D. Walsh
Academician George B. Elyakov
The Russian Academy of Sciences (RAS) is divided into three branches: The Urals Branch with headquarters in Yekaterinberg, the Siberian Branch in Novosibirsk and Far Eastern Branch in Vladivostok. This site visit report involves the Far Eastern Branch (FEB). The FEB was founded a quarter century ago. This branch has six regional centers. The Vladivostok regional center has 14 institutes, the Kharbarovsk regional center 7, Sakalin 3, Blagoveshchensk 2, Magadan 4, and Kamchatka 5. FEB RAS has 2 native preserves and 1 special marine preserve. The Magadan Territorial Center for Arctic Studies has a cooperative program on arctic issues with the University of Alaska - Fairbanks for earthquakes and seismic activity. The Japanese are involved in this cooperative effort.
The total staff of the FEB has dropped from 12,789 in 1989 to 8,178 in 1994. During this same period the research staff has dropped from 3,011 to 2,442. The number of doctors of science in the FEB has increased steadily from 143 in 1989 to 213 in 1994. The number of candidates of science has decreased from 1,385 in 1989 to 1,172 in 1994. Doctors of science are equivalent to professors in the United States and candidates of science are equivalent to assistant professors. The population of academicians in the FEB has grown from 8 in 1989 to 10 in 1994. Academicians are full-fledged members of the Russian Academy of Sciences. The number of corresponding members of the RAS (first level members) remains at 16, the same number as in 1989. In 1991 the number peaked at 25.
Fig. 2.24. Scientific centers and stations of FEB RAS.
The largest research fleet of the RAS is registered in the FEB in Vladivostok. There are 15 ships in the fleet (Table 2.5). Table 2.6 includes additional information on the capabilities of the largest of these.
The FEB institutes located in Vladivostok include the Presidium FEB RAS; the Institute of Applied Mathematics; the Institute of Sea Technology Problems; the Institute of Automation and Control Processes with the Computer Center; the Institute of Chemistry; the Pacific Institute of Bioorganic Chemistry; the Institute of Biology and Pedology; the Institute of Marine Biology; the Far Eastern Institute of Geology; the Pacific Oceanological Institute; the Pacific Institute of Geography; the Institute of Economical and International Ocean Development Studies; the Institute of History, Archaeology, and Ethnography of Far Eastern Nations; and the Botanical Garden.
The major research directions of the FEB institutes are earth sciences 44.5%, biology and biotechnology 27.9%, physics and technical sciences 16.5%, chemistry 5.8%, and social sciences 5.2%.
FEB funding in 1995 was 110 billion rubles ($24.3 million). This is about half the funding before Perestroika. The various institutes in the FEB are seeking funds in addition to government funds. There has been some success in this regard from foreign entities and from some Russian industries.
This site visit was a courtesy call on our host Academician George B. Elyakov, vice- president of the Russian Academy of Sciences and chairman of the Far Eastern Branch. After this site visit our group visited various institutes of the Far Eastern Branch during the five-day period.
Research Fleet of FEB RAS
Specialization and Main Equipment of Larger FEB RAS Vessels