Site:Far Eastern State Technical University (FESTU)
10, Pushinskaya Str.
Vladivostok, 690600, Russia
Phone: (4232) 265118
Fax: (4232) 266988
Date Visited: October 24, 1995
M. J. DeHaemer (report author), H. B. Ali, R. Blidberg, S. Chechin, L. Gentry, J. Moniz, J.B. Mooney, D. Walsh
Prof. Gennady P. Turmov
Vladimir I. Korochentsev
In recognition of its status as an important technical university, the Far Eastern Polytechnical Institute (founded 1899) was renamed the Far Eastern State Technical University (FESTU) by decree of the Russian Federation Government in December 1992. FESTU, in Vladivostok, has approximately 10,000 students and four branch campuses. It is comparable in size to two other state universities in the Russian Far East at Komsomolsk-on-Amur and at Khabarovsk. Overall, FESTU was said to rank in the top 100 Russian universities.
The FESTU faculty of 700 includes three members of the Russian Academy of Sciences, 100 doctors of science and 400 candidates for doctor of science. Among the eighteen major departments are the disciplines of electrical engineering, radio and instrumentation, natural sciences, architecture, naval engineering, economics and management, mechanical engineering, heat and power engineering, and the humanities. A six-year program is offered for a bachelor's diploma degree in naval engineering. Ph.D. programs are offered in ocean science and ship construction and other fields in technology, economics, math, and philosophy. The humanities program emphasizes technical language understanding in English, Chinese, Japanese, and Korean.
Although FESTU and the city of Vladivostok were closed to foreigners as recently as three years ago, the university is pursuing international cooperation in the development of technical engineering education and research. Approximately three dozen students from Washington State University are enrolled.
Prof. Turmov, the FESTU president, personally conducted the WTEC group through the areas he felt were related to work in marine technologies. He explained that FESTU's research programs were funded to an annual level of about 1.5 billion rubles ($330K), principally from the federal government, with some support from local government and private industry. In a tour of the university museum, he pointed out exhibits and memorabilia that showed FESTU's historical connection to ship construction and design, including the first development of welding of ships and bridges in Russia.
As a result of a technology agreement with Japan, FESTU has received $30 million of industrial machine tools to support three education centers: advanced technology, metal working, and wood working. Several CNC automated machines were shown as well as computer controlled machines for laser cutting of sheet steel. Machine nameplates were Niigata, Mori-Seiki, Nihon-Kikai, and Makino. A challenging student project of fabricating a four-blade propeller from aluminum stock was in progress.
A Computer-Aided Design (CAD) laboratory was well equipped with IBM 486 PCs and appropriate peripherals.
Four exhibits were set up for the benefit of the WTEC group. Two exhibits demonstrated the ROV program at FESTU. The third and fourth exhibits were poster sessions on using optical fiber as a sensor for ocean tomography and on using artificial neural networks to interpret sensor data.
V. I. Korochentsev, director of the design office "Dalnee," introduced the ROV exhibits, stating that 39 ROVs and tethered vehicles had been designed by FESTU and the design office. The characteristics of 10 of the vehicles are described in Table 2.1.
The ROV Roby was reported to have been the vehicle that recovered the flight recorder for Korean Air Lines flight 007, which was shot down by the USSR for violating its airspace. Roby is pictured in Fig. 1.1. For scale, Roby is about one meter in height. Roby is capable of retrieving and carrying about 300 kg, has color TV capability, depth sonar, and various end-effectors for its mechanical arm.
Figure 1.4 is of a small ROV, Anties, with its suitcase controller. The ROV's dimensions are approximately 50 cm x 50 cm x 20 cm. A poster behind the ROV indicated that it could be operated from a ship or pier to look for shallow water objects in the vicinity. Anties can dive to depths of 100 meters and has a retrieval capability of 20 kg.Table 2.1
Under Professor Y. N. Kulchin, students have been performing theoretical work on fiber-optic lines, which are sensitive to local pressure change, in order to measure low-frequency acoustic fields in an ocean setting. The objective of the research is to obtain tomographic data from a fiber optic network. Oleg Kirichenko, a graduate student, presented his award-winning poster from the MTS/IEEE "Oceans '95" Conference that discussed a precision method of stabilizing a fiber-optic sensing network to make it suitable for use in measuring low-frequency acoustic signals. A second poster by student O. T. Kamentev reported a self-training two-layer neural network model that allowed increased speed in tomography data processing and reconstruction of the physical field parameters.
Far Eastern State Technical University is historically important and forward looking with respect to teaching technology. The institution and its faculty are interested in cooperative alliances for research and ROV design, and student exchanges with the United States and with Pacific Rim countries. FESTU has experience and research strength for the development of special purpose ROVs down to 6,000 meters and has faculty strength in developing theories for sensing and interpretation of deep ocean characteristics.
Far Eastern State Technical University, descriptive brochure, Dalpress. 1993.
Kamenev, O. T. 1995. "Training two-layer neural network model for tomography data processing." Proceedings of MTS/IEEE Conference "Oceans '95", October 9-12, 1995, San Diego, CA, USA, pp. 2086-7.
Kirichenko, Oleg. 1995. "Fiber-optic distributed measuring network for geophysical information systems." Proceedings of MTS/IEEE Conference "Oceans '95", October 9-12, 1995, San Diego, CA, USA, pp. 2088-91.
Kulchin, Y. N., O. B. Vitrik, O. V. Kirichenko, Y. S. Petrov, and O. T. Kamenev. 1994. "Tomography fiber-optic network for low-frequency acoustic investigations." Proceedings of ISSWAS-94, RAE, pp. 354-358.