APPENDIX G. GLOSSARY

ABS
American Bureau of Shipping (technical and certification society)
ADCP
Acoustic Doppler current profilers for ocean current measurement at various depths (remote sensing system)
AI
Artificial intelligence
AIP
Air-independent propulsion (energy sources)
Akademik
A proposed 6,000 m Soviet Academy of Sciences research submersible to be built for the P.P. Shirshov Institute of Oceanology. Eventually the two Mirs evolved out of this earlier project concept.
Alvin
4,500 m DSV operated by Woods Hole Oceangraphic Institute
Angara
Russian tourist submarine design, 6 passengers to 600 m
Angus-1
First deep operating (300+ m) ROV in Europe
Angus-2 & -3
Improved versions of the original Angus-1 design
Argus
Russian-designed and -built 600 m depth capable manned submersible which operates primarily in the Black Sea
ASV
Abyssal survey vehicle
ASW
Antisubmarine warfare
AUV
Autonomous underwater vehicles - self powered systems that operate without a physical connection to the surface
Batfish
Towed underwater platform for oceanographic measurements
Bathymetric
Topography of ocean floor; depth measurements of large bodies of water
Boomer
Ballistic missile submarine
CAT
A center for underwater tourism (a concept being pursued by Kharax)
CIS
Commonwealth of Independent States
CLSO
Complex for Lifting Large Sunken Objects
cpu
Control and power unit (of a computer)
CTD
Conductivity, temperature, and depth (Oceanographic parameters)
Cyana
IFREMER's manned submersible with 3,000 m depth capability, based at the Toulon laboratory
Delphine- French submersible
DEM
Electronic module
DNV
Det Norske Veritas, the Norwegian classification society
DO
Dissolved oxygen (in water)
DOGGIE
Deep Ocean Geological and Geophysical Instrumented Explorer: AUV that will be used for geological survey using acoustic imaging sensors of the seabed. Part of the future plan for the Autosub project of the U.K. government.
DOLPHIN
Deep Ocean Long Path Hydrographic Instrument, a 6,000 m depth capable AUV. Another vehicle planned for future implementation in the Autosub project.
Doppler
(System
Acoustic sensor used to measure velocity over the seafloor
DSP (Chips)-Digital signal processing
DSRV
Deep submergence rescue vehicle
DSV
Deep submersible vehicles, e.g., Alvin, Mir-I & -II, etc.
DTI - British government's Department of Trade and Industry
DTVS
Diving TV Systems (Intershelf)
EEC
European Economic Community
EEVMAC
European Community supported project to develop underwater communication technology
Fish 102- A compact 100 m depth capable ROV from Intershelf
Foton
A hydrogen-oxygen (H(2)-O(2)) fuel cell developed by Energia in
(Photon)
Russia
FSU
Former Soviet Union
Gamma
An operating prototype of a 30-ton nuclear-powered thermoelectric power source (proposed by Intershelf)
GCOS
Global Climate Observing System
Gidronavt- Support vessel for submersibles Omar and Langust. "Gidronavt" (pronounced "heedronaut") translates as "hydronaut."
GOOS
Global Ocean Observing Systems - international program
GPS
Global Positioning System
Helena
A Kurchatov Institute design concept for a larger nuclear power unit of 100 kWe that employs the same basic fuel elements and design approach as Gamma
HOBU
Hydrogen-oxygen electrical battery
Hydrostat- Common usage term for hydrostatic test (i.e., pressure test)
IFREMER
French Research Institute for the Exploration of the Sea - government agency with scientific, industrial and commercial roles for French programs in ocean R&D
Ikhtiandr- Support vessel for submersibles Sever-2 and Sever-2 Bis; operated by Mariecoprom in Ukraine.
IOS
Institute of Oceanographic Sciences (Deacon Laboratory; U.K.)
Kaiko
ROV being tested by Japan. Fell 4 m short of reaching 11,000 m world's record depth in March-April 1994.
Komsomolets-Nuclear submarine (Mike Class) - Soviet submarine that sank April 7, 1989 in Norwegian Sea in 1,400 meter water. Several expeditions have been conducted to study environmental effects.
LAS
Leisure submersible apparatus (Kharax) tourist submarine designed to carry six persons and a crew of two
Lidar
Laser imaging detection and ranging system
Mariecoprom-Agency responsible for operation of Ukrainian submersibles
MARIUS
Marine utility vehicle proposed funded under MAST-II (EC cooperative project) - for coastal seabed and environmental surveys
MHD
Magneto-hydrodynamic propulsion system
Mir-I & -II-Russian 6,000 m manned submersibles, built by Rauma Oceanics in Finland for P.P. Shirshov Institute of Oceanology, Russian Academy of Sciences
MRV
Multirole Vehicle - 5,000 m research submersible owned and operated by IFREMER
Nautile
French submersible with a 6,000 m depth capability; operated by IFREMER, based at its Toulon laboratory
Neptun
Tourist submarine designed and built by RUBIN (St. Petersburg); currently operating in Antigua
NERC
United Kingdom's National Environment Research Council
Ocean Shuttle Nonmilitary nuclear-powered submarine project that has been proposed by Lazurit; a small submarine (about 1,000 tons) that is designed for oceanographic and commercial ocean work tasks
ODAS
Oceanographic Data Acquisition System - U.K.-based AUV project jointly undertaken by Marconi, Moog Controls, Chelsea Instruments, and Alupower
Odissey
Support vessel for submersibles Sever-2 and Sever-2 Bis
Osmotr
Russian 300 m depth, diver lockout submersible
pH
Measure of acidity or alkalinity of a solution
Pisces
Canadian built class of submersibles with 2,000 m depth capability. Two Pisces vehicles are operated by the P.P. Shirshov Institute of Oceanology
Poseidon- Russian deep submergence rescue vehicle
Profiler- Acoustic instrument for subbottom characterization
Project FAMOUS 1970s French-American Mid-Ocean Study on the Mid-Atlantic Ridge
PSK
Phased shift key
PTT
Press-to-talk switch
Keldysh
Large oceanographic Russian research ship which is equipped to support deep submersibles. It has been the principal support ship for MIR-I and -II.
ROSSHELF- Russian company proposing seafloor-based oil and gas production complex
ROV
Remotely operated vehicle, an unmanned vehicle cable- connected and -controlled from a support platform
RRC
Russian Research Centers (e.g., Kurchatov Institute)
Rus
A 6,000 m submersible designed by Malachite
Saga
Submarine built by COMEX in France, powered submerged by two Swedish Sterling cycle engines
SE&I
Systems engineering and integration - the discipline that brings together technologies and hardware/software into an efficient product
Sever-2
2,000 m submarine designed by Malachite (tourist submarine) (also know as North-2)
SIMD
Single instruction multiple data - type of computer architecture
SIMRAD
Norwegian company engaged in acoustic systems development such as sonar, tracking as well as camera systems
SSBN
A class of U.S. nuclear powered strategic missile-carrying submarines - term often used to describe any submarines of this general type
Sub Tour
10/100
Ten-person tourist submarine (Intershelf)
Subbottom- Refers to sediments or rock making up the seafloor
Submersible
OPS
Submersible operations
Tass
Soviet (now Russian) News Agency
TEUs
20-foot equivalent units. This refers to 20 foot cargo containers for carrying cargo onboard container ships
Thermocline-Temperature inversion layers found in all oceans; water on the surface overlying colder water
Thetis-H- Towed manned submersible designed by Malachite in Russia; operated currently by Mariecoprom in Ukraine
TMS
Tether management system - control system for ROV tether
TOGA
Tropic Ocean Global Atmospheric (international program)
Trojan
ROV built by Slingsby Engineering in U.K.
TS 20/100- Russian tourist submarine design for 20 passengers; designed to operate at a depth of 100 m
TUUV
Technology for Unmanned Underwater Vehicles program (U.K.)
Uran
Deep ROV developed by Krylov Institute of Russia
USB
Ultra Short Baseline (tracking system) - technique for underwater locating and tracking
VORTEX
Versatile Ocean Subsea Robot for Technical Experiments - IFREMER's testbed ROV for validating hardware and concepts
WOCE
World Ocean Circulation Experiment (international program)
Yamato
Japanese experimental vessel with the most advanced MHD operational system in the world

Published: June 1994; WTEC Hyper-Librarian