SUMMARY AND CONCLUSIONS

Deep ocean submersibles such as the Mirs and Nautile continue to be effective platforms for undersea work and research because of their extensive sensor, instrumentation, and manipulative capability. The Mir submersibles are considered by some scientists to be the best equipped and most capable research tools for deep sea (6,000 m) research.

Although Russia and Ukraine have developed limited remote sensing capability for ocean studies using Lidar and acoustic Doppler current profilers, these designs are not unique and are within the current state of practice. Oceanographic instruments (CTDs, current meters, etc.) are being marketed by Russia and Ukraine. Their data quality is unknown, and intercalibrations should be conducted to determine measurement capabilities. Other factors, such as price, reliability, and maintainability, must also be addressed.

Research-type ROVs and AUVs are being actively developed by several European countries outside of the FSU. Unmanned platforms for undersea and oceanographic research using enhanced sensors and samplers are being supported as major programs by the EEC. This is in marked contrast to the United States, where there is no major focused thrust for developing scientific AUVs.

REFERENCES

Babb, Richard J. Scientific Surveys in the Deep Ocean Using AUVs: The Autosub Project. AUVS-93 Technical Symposium, Washington, D.C., 1993.

Dickey, Thomas D. "The Emergence of Concurrent High Resolution Physical and Bio-Optical Measurements in the Upper Ocean and Their Applications." Review of Geophysics 29.

Dugan, J., and L. Jendro. Physical Oceanography in the Ukraine: The Marine Hydrophysical Institute. ESN Information Bulletin 93-03. Office of Naval Research, European Office, 1993.

Johnson, Lynn E., 1993. Investigating a Possible Submarine Volcanic Eruption by Using Russian Mir Submersibles: Implications for Cooperative Work. ESN Information Bulletin 93-02, Office of Naval Research, European Office, 1993.

Karahl, Victoria A. Water Baby--The Story of Alvin. Oxford University Press, 1992.

Marine Hydrophysical Institute. Sensors and Devices for Oceanographic Survey. Catalog. Sevastopol, Ukraine, 1993.

Michel, J. L., et al. Subsea Work Environment for Cyana and Nautile Submersibles. Proceedings, EEZ Resources: Technology Assessment Conference, International Ocean Technology Conference, Honolulu, Hawaii, 1989.

Mikhaltsev, I. On the Ocean Research Technique USSR-88. Proceedings, EEZ Resources: Technology Assessment Conference, International Ocean Technology Conference, Honolulu, Hawaii, 1989.

Neal, G. W. Multiparameter Sensor Suite for the Test-Bed AUV. Technical Report. Chelsea Instruments, East Molesey, Surrey, United Kingdom, 1992.

Nejdanov, G. Cs-137 Contamination of Sea Water Surrounding Komsomoletz Nuclear Submarine. International Radioactivity and Environmental Security in the Oceans: New Research and Policy Procedures in the Arctic and North America. Ocean Radiation Conference, Woods Hole, Massachusetts, 1993.

RD Instruments Acoustic Doppler Current Profilers Data Sheet and Specifications. Model RD-VM0075 through RD-VM1200, San Diego, California.

Spain, Peter, and R. L. Gordon. "Broadband Current Profiling: Better Resolution, Versatility." Sea Technology 33.


Published: June 1994; WTEC Hyper-Librarian