Algis N. Kalvaitis
Underwater vehicles and sensor systems are essential to conducting research and working in the ocean. Over the past several decades, the use of these vehicles, both manned and unmanned, has increased dramatically to conduct significant work associated with offshore oil development, defense activities, salvage, and undersea research.
One of the major goals of this study is to identify and assess European research and development and technology in manned, teleoperated, and autonomous vehicles and associated systems. This chapter focuses on sensors, measurements, and sampling capability using these vehicles. Instrumentation used for ocean studies as well as remote sensing capability will also be discussed.