Site: St. Petersburg State
Marine Technical University
of Ocean Technology
3 Lotsmanskaya St.
St. Petersburg 190008
Date Visited: May 21, 1993
Report Author: A. Kalvaitis
Dr. Dimitriy M. Rostovtsev; Rector, Dr. of Sc., Professor
Dr. Aleksey M. Markov; Head of Patent Department
Dr. Tatiana Peregudova; Vice Director, Research Dept.
Professor V.I. Nikolaev; Director, Research Lab of Automation of Designing Ship's Power Installations
Dr. Juri I. Zhukov; Dean, Dept. of Electronics & Control Systems
This university was founded in 1902 as a department of St. Petersburg Polytechnic. It later gave birth to the Leningrad Shipbuilding Institute, which became a leading educational institute for ocean technology and marine engineering in the former Soviet Union (FSU). Subsequently, it evolved into the State Marine Technical University (MTU). At present, MTU provides a wide range of programs, both undergraduate and postgraduate, leading to B.Sc., Engineer and M.Sc. Doctoral degrees (equivalent to Ph.D. and D.Sc.). A major department within MTU is the Department of Naval Architecture and Ocean Technology. MTU's 5,000 students are involved in all aspects of marine and ocean technology, with approximately 30 percent specializing in electronics and control systems. Until last year, most of the foreign students were from Eastern Europe, Vietnam, North Korea, and Cuba. However, now MTU is soliciting students from other countries (e.g., India, Nepal, Jordan, and China). The university has 600 faculty members, 1,500 auxiliary personnel, and 300 professional researchers. Over 1,000 patents have been awarded to faculty members. The university is interested in sending its professors abroad on two-year teaching assignments to broaden their knowledge.
Since nearly all undersea technology in the FSU had been associated with the defense sector, concern was expressed about the future and the defense conversion process. Nevertheless, MTU seems to have redirected its programs toward the civilian sector. For example, new educational programs have been offered on underwater capabilities for the exploration of ocean resources. The goals are to provide engineers of the 21st century with the capability to develop underwater robots with elements of artificial intelligence. Other study areas include: design of unmanned submersibles; power systems for submersibles (generally unmanned); design of control instrumentation, automation and computers for unmanned submersibles; information systems, hydroacoustics, navigation, and underwater communication; autonomous control of submersibles; and automation of technical processes, robotics, and underwater manipulators.
Professor V.I. Nikolaev gave the panel a computer capabilities demonstration. The computer laboratory consists of four personal computers; these were the only computers this travelling party of WTEC team members saw in Russia. Prof. Nikolaev showed us a model that measures the effectiveness of such underwater vehicles as submersibles, ROVs, and towed systems for locating underwater objects. The model incorporates a 25-year data base. It also tracks reliability and maintenance.
The university is interested in foreign partnerships and cooperation in various fields: design and construction of ships, underwater platforms and apparatus; ecology (pipeline safety); miscellaneous underwater tasks (salvage techniques); ship and vehicle propulsion, including drag reduction; power plants (Sterling engines); new technologies (laser treatment of materials); strength and structural mechanics (dynamics of the interactions with platforms); instrumentation, measurement, and information systems; and other underwater programs.
The university has established a company, PAKS Ltd., for joint ventures and marketing various innovations. PAKS has a staff of 28 people, including three who received "USSR Inventor" titles. The company provides designs for unconventional propulsion for ships and submarines, constructs models, and conducts scientific and experimental studies in the university's test facilities.
WTEC team members were given a brochure describing a Complex for Lifting Large Sunken Objects (CLSO). The Komsomolets nuclear submarine was obviously the genesis of this capability. A 100:1 scale working model of the lifting apparatus and a video tape have been produced. Software has been developed for simulating the lift dynamics; design of various holding devices for salvaging large objects of different types and sizes; robotics systems; and burying techniques if the object is not salvaged. The university seeks foreign partners for the detailed design, development, and use of this CLSO capability.
Other ideas of interest that the university has developed include an ultra-short baseline underwater tracking system with a range of 1,000 m. It is unclear if this is a prototype or a production model. Another development is a low noise thruster (noise is reduced by 12 dB) called "double counter jets" that operates in laminar flow. The university is seeking an industry partner to continue this research since the military no longer supports these activities.
In summary, the State Marine Technical University of Petersburg is a unique educational facility that offers a broad spectrum of training in nearly all disciplines related to undersea systems. The university has initiated several enterprises and companies, and is interested in establishing joint ventures. The WTEC team was told that this university trained most of the engineers and researchers working at the design institutes we had visited in St. Petersburg.
International Cooperation in the Field of Science and Higher Education. Proposals. 1992.
Direction Finder Sonar Transponder DF 1000-04. Performance specifications (brochure).
Paks Ltd. Brochure. 1991.
Paks Ltd. Rotor-Rudders for Seagoing and River Vessels. 1991.
Educational materials on the Marine Technical University. In Russian and English. 1993.
Reliability of Ship Structures Research Laboratory. Brochure.