Site: Bauman Institute of Underwater
Devices and Robotics
Moscow State Technical University
Telephone: 261 36 14 or 263 67 84
Fax: 267 98 93
Telex: 417661 Moscow GRACH
Date Visited: May 18, 1993
Report Author: C. Brancart
Vladimir A. Chelyshev - Head of Department, Underwater Devices and
Vadim V. Veltischev - Head of Department
Dr. Peter A. Zinoviev - President, Institute of Composite Structures
The Bauman Institute of Underwater Devices and Robotics is part of Moscow State Technical University, the oldest institute in Russia; it also is one of the largest. Before the Revolution it was called the "Imperial High School."
The Institute of Underwater Devices and Robotics employs 600, not including teachers and students. About 20 students are enrolled in the institute each year. The institute is the only source on manipulator systems in the country. One year ago, the institute was closed to the public because of classified work.
Bauman Institute works with other institutes and agencies on common projects. Their specialties are: manipulator systems, propulsion systems, operating systems and controls, and complete underwater vehicles.
Although the WTEC team members were unable to undertake any in-depth discussions on the Bauman Institute's capabilities, they were able to highlight the general areas of the institute's expertise.
The institute's scientists and engineers claim that their servo valves are the best (i.e., comparable to Westinghouse's hydraulic amplifiers).
Electric drive systems. These systems have brushless motors and magnetics, and tend to be very expensive.
Mangus propulsion. These rotating cylinders are used on a towed system at 2,000 m depth.
Adoptive propulsion. These are totally regulatable hydraulic motors that select operating parameters to maximize propulsive efficiency.
The institute has a solid propellant that uses water as the oxidizer. This is different from torpedo technology because this propellant is ecologically pure. This technology has been used on the institute's rescue submarine. Bauman's scientists and engineers are working on a power package that would replace the batteries on manned submersibles.
Nuclear. Bauman is not working on any nuclear power systems. The institute's personnel would like to develop nuclear systems, but they are not allowed to.
Manipulators are the Bauman Institute's area of expertise. The WTEC team visited a laboratory that had just one manipulator instead of the large variety of manipulators that the team's members expected. Some of the major accomplishments in manipulators have been:
The institute's scientists have been working with nonmetallic structures, namely carbon, organic, or glass fibers. They have developed models that can predict the damping properties of composite structures and are able to calculate the energy dissipation of composite structures under external loads. They stopped all work in ceramics fifteen years ago because of the low life cycle of the material.
The major thrust of Bauman's work in this area has been in the use of the constructive resonance concept. In the propulsion area, Bauman's scientists feel that the gas-dynamic system is potentially quieter.
Bauman is working on an integrated navigation system that incorporates very accurate accelerometers. The design goal is an accuracy rate of 20 m per hour.
A quick review of Bauman's family of underwater vehicles revealed nothing that could be identified as exceptional. The institute supplied black and white pictures of the vehicles. The Scaros, which is very similar to the French Epaulard, was the only true autonomous underwater vehicle (AUV). The Scaros is 80 percent completed, but work has stopped on the vehicle because of a lack of funds.
The institute has demonstrated levels of expertise in the area of electrohydraulic system control and devices, and gas-dynamics propulsion. It may be advantageous to pursue the technologies further. Dr. Peter A. Zinoviev, the institute's director, was very open concerning its present condition: the institute is in a survival mode.
Bauman Institute representatives passed out black and white photographs of some of the institute's systems, including:
Triton, an ROV
A towed system
Aquator, an ROV circa 1978
A wheeled vehicle
A grabber vehicle
Scaros, an AUV manipulator