APPENDIX F. GLOSSARY

AC/ac
Alternating current
AEG
Allgemeine Elektrizitšt Gesellschaft
AIST
(Japan) Agency of Industrial Science and Technology, a part of MITI
AML&P
(U.S.) Anchorage Municipal Light and Power (utility)
ANL-CFTF
Argonne National Lab, Coal-Fired Test Facility
ASC
American Superconductor Corp.
ASD
Adjustable-speed drive
B&W
(U.S.) Babcock and Wilcox
Bi-2212
Bi2Sr2CaCu2Ox
Bi-2223
(Bi, Pb)2Sr2Ca2Cu3Ox
BICC
British Insulated Callendars Cables, Ltd., a major British wire and cable producer
BMBF
(Germany) Ministry of Education, Science, Research, and Technology
BNL
(U.S.) Brookhaven National Laboratory
BRITE EuRAM
Basic Research of Industrial Technologies for Europe, European Research on
Advanced Materials program
BSCCO-2223
(Bi, Pb)2 Sr2Ca2Cu3Ox
CEC/ICMC Meeting
Cryogenic Engineering Conference/International Cryogenic Materials
Conference
CERN
European Laboratory for Particle Physics (located on French/Swiss border)
CIC
Cable-in-conduit
CONECTUS
Consortium of European Companies (determined to use superconductivity)
CRIEPI
(Japan) Central Research Institute of the Electrical Power Industry
CRT
Composite reaction textured (material)
CSAC
Council on Superconductivity for American Competitiveness (U.S.)
CVD
Chemical vapor deposition
dc
Direct current
DESY
Deutsches Electronen Synchrotron (Lab)
DOE
(U.S.) Department of Energy
EERE
Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (within DOE's Office of
Energy Management)
EPRI
(U.S.) Electric Power Research Institute (consortium of electric utilities)
ETL
(Japan) Electrotechnical Laboratory, MITI
Euratom
European Atomic Energy Community, established at the same time as the
European Community
FCL
Fault current limiter
FRP
Fiber-reinforced plastic
FWHM
Full width at half maximum
FZK
Forschungzentrum Karlsruhe
GM
Gifford McMahon (refrigerator)
H
Henry (unit for inductance)
Hastelloy
Trade name of commercial Ni-based high temperature alloys
HEP/DOE
Office of High Energy and Nuclear Physics, U.S. Department of Energy
HOP
Operating magnetic field
HTS
High temperature superconductor/superconductive/superconductivity
I
Current expressed in amps
I2R
Joule heating, the product of the current squared times the resistance of a
conductor
IBAD
Ion beam assisted deposition
Ic
Critical current of a superconductor, the maximum amount of current that can
flow below a fixed electric field or resistivity criterion
ID
inner diameter
IFL
I = current, FL = full load / Full load current
IGC
(U.S.) Intermagnetics General Corp.
IPP
Independent power producer
IR
Current times the resistance of a conductor; equals the voltage drop along the
conductor
IRD
International Research and Development Co., Ltd.
ISC
I = current, SC = short circuit
ISIS
International Superconductivity Industry Summit
ISTEC
(Japan) International Superconductivity Technology Center
ITER
International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor
I-V
Current-voltage
JAERI
Japan Atomic Energy Research Institute
Jc
Critical current density
Je
Engineering critical current density (current/total conductor cross-section)
JEOL
Japan Electron Optics, Ltd., a major supplier of electro-optical, analytical
(including NMR spectrometers) and medical equipment
JR
Japan Railway Group of passenger and freight rail companies
JRDC
Japan Research Development Corporation (recently renamed JST)
JST
Japan Science and Technology Corporation (funded by STA)
KEK
(Japan) National Laboratory for High-Energy Physics
KEPCO
(Japan) Kansai Electric Power Co.
LANL
Los Alamos National Laboratory
LHC
Large Hedron Collider at CERN
LL
Load losses
LLNL
(U.S.) Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory
LPE
Liquid phase epitaxy
LTS
Low temperature superconductor/superconductive/superconductivity
Maglev
Magnetic levitation project of Japan's Railway Technical Research Institute
MEG
Magnetoencephalography
MELCO
(Japan) Mitsubishi Electric Co.
M-G
Motor-generator
MHD
Magnetohydrodynamic
MITI
(Japan) Ministry of International Trade and Industry
MOCVD
Metallorganic chemical vapor deposition
MOE
(Japan) Ministry of Education, Science, and Culture
MOV
Metal oxide varistor
MPI
(Germany) Max Planck Institutes
MPMG
Melt powder melt growth
MRI
Magnetic resonance imaging
Nd-422
Nd4Ba2Cu2Ox
NEDO
(Japan) New Energy and Industrial Technology Development
Organization (funded by MITI)
NIFS
(Japan) National Institute of Fusion Science (Nagoya)
NLL
No-load loss
NMR
Nuclear magnetic resonance
NREL
(U.S.) National Renewable Energy Lab
NRIM
(Japan) National Research Institute for Metals
OD
Outer diameter
OFE/DOE
Office of Fusion Energy, U.S. Department of Energy
OST
(U.S.) Oxford Superconducting Technology
PCS
Persistent current switch
PCS
Power conditioning system
PIT
Powder in tube (conductor)
PLD
Pulsed laser deposition
p-YSZ
Polycrystalline yttrium-stabilized zirconia
QMG
Quench melt growth
RE
Rare earth element (such as La, Nd, Sm, Eu, Gd, etc.)
RE-123 oxides
123 compound formed with a rare earth instead of yttrium
rf
Radio frequency
rms
Root mean square
RWE
(The largest German utility)
SBIR
Small business innovative research program, U.S. government
SC
Superconductivity
SC/PM
Superconductor/permanent magnet (assembly)
SCFCL
Superconductive fault current limiter
SFQ
Single flux quantum
SI
(U.S.) Superconductivity, Inc.
SMES
Superconducting magnetic energy storage
SPI
(U.S., DOE) Superconductivity Partnership Initiative (focused on systems
technology)
SPTL
Superconducting power transmission line
SQUID
Superconducting quantum interference device, a sensitive magnetic sensor
SRL
(Japan) Superconducting Research Laboratory -- part of ISTEC
SSC
Superconducting Super Collider Project (U.S., now cancelled)
STA
(Japan) Science and Technology Agency
Super-GM
(Japan, administered by NEDO) Engineering Research Association Project for
Superconductive Generator Equipment and Materials
T
Tesla as a unit for magnetic flux density; temperature when used as a symbol
or abbreviation
Tc
Superconducting critical temperature: maximum temperature at which a
material exhibits superconduction properties
TEM
Transmission electron microscope or microscopy
TEPCO
(Japan) Tokyo Electric Power Co.
Tl-1223
(Tl, Pb)(Ba, Sr)2Ca2Cu3Ox
VAMAS
Versailles Project on Advanced Materials and Standards, includes
standardization of testing and evaluation methods for low temperature
superconductors
XLPE
Cross-linked polyethylene (industry designation for dry insulated high voltage lines)
Y-123
YBa2Cu3Ox (see also YBCO)
Y-211
Y2BaCuO5
YBCO
YBa2Cu3O7-d (see also Y-123)
YSZ
Yttrium-stabilized zirconia
Z
Impedence (complex [ac] impedance of a circuit or component consisting of a
resistive and a reactive part)

Published: September 1997; WTEC Hyper-Librarian