APPENDIX C. GLOSSARY

A/B provider band
Separate but interleaved spectral bands licensed in the U.S. by the FCC to two commercial providers for wireless cellular communication
ac
Alternating current
A/D
Analog to digital
AES
Auger electron spectroscopy
AFRL
(U.S.) Air Force Rome Laboratory
AMPS
Advanced Mobile Phone System
AMTEL
(Japan) Advanced Mobile Telecommunication Technology, Inc.
APD
(U.S.) APD Cryogenics, Inc.
ASC
American Superconductor Corp.
ASD
Adjustable-speed drive
ATM
Asynchronous transfer mode
ATP
(U.S., DOC/NIST) Advanced Technology Program
Bi-2212
Bi2Sr2CaCu2Ox
Bi-2223
(Bi, Pb)2Sr2Ca2Cu3Ox
BSCCO
Generic term for the whole family of Bi-based high-Tc compounds
BSCCO-2223
(Bi, Pb)2 Sr2Ca2Cu3Ox (same as Bi-2223)
BTC
British Telecom (or BT)
BTi
Biomagnetic Technologies, Inc.
CDMA
Code-division multiple-access
CEC/ICMC Meeting
Cryogenic Engineering Conference/International Cryogenic Materials Conference
CMOS
Complementary metal oxide semiconductor
COE
(Japan, MOE) Centers of Excellence Program
CRL
(Japan, MPT) Communications Research Laboratory
CSAC
(U.S.) Council on Superconductivity for American Competitiveness
CSE
(U.S.) Consortium for Superconducting Electronics
CTF
(Canada) Canadian Thin Films
CVD
Chemical vapor deposition
DARPA
(U.S.) Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency
dc
Direct current
DEMUX
Demultiplexer
Dewar
Vacuum flask
DoCoMo
(Japan) cellular provider
DOD
(U.S.) Department of Defense
DOE
(U.S.) Department of Energy
DSP
Digital signal processing
ET
(Japan) Eagle Technologies
ETL
(Japan, MITI) Electrotechnical Laboratory
FED
(Japan) Research and Development Association for Future Electron Devices
FET
Field effect transistor
GM
Gifford McMahon cryocooler
HTMA
(U.S., DARPA program) High Temperature Superconductor Manufacturing Alliance
HTS
High temperature superconductor/superconductive/superconductivity
HTSQUID
High temperature SQUID
HTSSE I, II, and III
(U.S.) High Temperature Superconducting Space Experiment Programs
I
Current expressed in amps
I2R
Joule heating, the product of the current squared times the resistance of a conductor
Ic
Critical current of a superconductor, the maximum amount of current that can flow below a fixed electric field or resistivity criterion
IC
Integrated circuit
IEICE
Institute of Electronics, Information, and Communication Engineers
IMD
Intermodulation distortion
IR
Current times the resistance of a conductor; equals the voltage drop along the conductor
ir
infrared
ISC
(U.S.) Illinois Superconductor, Inc.
ISEC
International Superconducting Electronics Conference
ISIS
International Superconductivity Industry Summit
ISTEC
(Japan) International Superconductivity Technology Center
ISTF
(Japan, MITI) Industrial Science and Technology Frontier program
J
Current density
Jc
Critical current density
JJ
Josephson junction
JKTC
Japan Key Technology Center
JPL
(U.S.) Jet Propulsion Laboratory (NASA/CalTech)
JST
(Japan) Science and Technology Corporation
JT
Joule-Thomson
K
degrees Kelvin
KARC
(Japan, MPT) Kansai Applied Research Center
LAO
Lanthanum aluminate
LNA
Low-noise amplifier
LPE
Liquid phase epitaxy
LSI
Large-scale integrated circuits
LTS
Low temperature superconductor/superconductive/superconductivity
LTSQUIDs
Low temperature SQUIDs
MBE
Molecular beam epitaxy
MCA
Multichannel access
MCC
(U.S.) Microelectronics and Computer Consortium
MCG
Magnetocardiogram/magnetocardiography
MCM
Multichip module
MEG
Magnetoencephalograph(y)
MELCO
(Japan) Mitsubishi Electric Co.
MIT/LL
(U.S.) Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Lincoln Laboratory
MITI
(Japan) Ministry of International Trade and Industry
MOCVD
Metallorganic chemical vapor deposition
MOE
(Japan) Ministry of Education, Science, Sports, and Culture
MOV
Metal oxide varistor
MPT
(Japan) Ministry of Posts and Telecommunications
MRI
Magnetic resonance imaging
MTBF
Mean time between failures
MUX
Multiplexer
NDE
Nondestructive evaluation
NEC
(Japan) Nippon Electric Corp.
NEDO
(Japan) New Energy and Industrial Technology Development Organization
NIST
(U.S.) National Institute of Science and Technology
NMR
Nuclear magnetic resonance
NSA
(U.S.) National Security Agency
NTT
(Japan) Nippon Telephone and Telegraph
OEM
Original equipment manufacturer
PBCO
Praseodymium-barium-copper-oxide
PCS
Personal communication system (cell phone communication standard)
PLD
Pulsed laser deposition
p-YSZ
Polycrystalline yttrium-stabilized zirconia
Q
Quantitative measure of the ability of a cyclic system to store energy ("Quality factor")
QD
(U.S. Co.) Quantum Design
QM
Quantum Magnetics
RAM
Random access memory
RCAST
(Japan, Tokyo U.) Research Center for Advanced Science and Technology
RE
Rare earth element (such as La, Nd, Sm, Eu, Gd, etc.)
RE-123 oxides
123 compound formed with a rare earth instead of yttrium
rf
Radio frequency
Rs(T)
Surface resistance as a function of temperature T
RSFQ
Rapid single flux quantum
SC
Superconductivity
SCE
Superconducting electronics
SCT
(U.S. Co.) Superconductor Core Technology
SEM
Scanning electron microscope
SFQ
Single flux quantum
SHE
(U.S.) Superconducting Helium Electronics
SIS
Superconductor/insulator/superconductor, a tunnel device
SNS
Superconductor-normal metal-superconductor, a tunnel device
SOI
Silicon on insulator
SQUID
Superconducting quantum interference device, a sensitive magnetic sensor
SRL
(Japan) Superconducting Research Laboratory of ISTEC
SSL
(Japan/MITI) Superconducting Sensor Laboratory
STA
(Japan) Science and Technology Agency
STI
(U.S.) Superconducting Technology, Inc.
STM
Scanning tunneling microscope
SUNY Stony Brook
(U.S.) State University of New York at Stony Brook
T
Tesla (unit)
Tc
Superconducting critical temperature: maximum temperature at which a material exhibits superconductive properties
TEM
Transmission electron microscope
Tl-1223
(Tl, Pb)(Ba, Sr)2Ca2Cu3Ox
URI
(U.S., DOD) University Research Initiative
XRD
X-ray diffraction / diffractometer
Y-123
YBa2Cu3Ox (see also YBCO)
Y-211
Y2BaCuO5
YBCO
YBa2Cu3O7· d , yttrium-barium-copper-oxide (see also Y-123)
YSZ
Yttrium-stabilized zirconia

Published: August 1998; WTEC Hyper-Librarian