The panel met with representatives of WTEC on October 15, 1996, at NSF in Washington. At this meeting, sponsors and panelists agreed on the topics to be covered in this report, and this then led to a rough division of labor among the panel members, for writing the site visit reports while traveling in Japan and for writing the chapters of this report. The week of January 27, 1997 was chosen for the visits. Deciding which universities, federal laboratories, and companies to visit in Japan was not as easy. It was clear that in a week only about 10 visits could be made, and the list of locations quickly grew too long. The site visit planning, in which the panel was most ably assisted by Cecil H. Uyehara of Uyehara International Associates and by Hiroshi Morishita of HMI Corporation in Japan, continued for some months after the October meeting, while contacts were made with a large number of scientists active in superconductivity in Japan. Eventually, at a meeting between this author and Hiroshi Morishita in Tokyo on December 12, 1996, we agreed on 12 visits to laboratories in Japan. This schedule would involve splitting the panel into two groups for two mornings (with the risk of losing half the panel in the train and subway system) and also traveling from Tokyo to Nagoya and from Nagoya to Osaka at lunch times. But such is the precision of Japanese trains that, with the excellent leadership of Morishita through the transit system, all was accomplished without a hitch. In fact, the only delay was caused by a snow storm in the pass between Nagoya and Kyoto.