APPENDIX E. GLOSSARY

ACEE
Aircraft Energy Efficiency program
ACM
Automated Composite Material; Advanced Composite Material; Automatic Cutting Machine
ACT
Advanced Composites Technology
AE
Acoustic Emission
AI
Artificial Intelligence
AIS
Accounting Information System
ANSI
American National Standards Institute
APC
Automatic Ply Cutting Machine Aramid An organic fiber such as Kevlar(TM) or Technora(TM)
ASTM
American Society for Testing and Materials
ATF
Advanced Tactical Fighter
ATL
Automated Tape Layup
Autoclave
A primary production curing vessel
BMI resins
Bismaleimide resins
Broadgoods
Wide fabrics (usually on a roll)
CAD
Computer-Aided Design
CAI
Computer-Aided Inspection; Compression-After Impact
CAM
Computer-Aided Manufacturing
CATIA
Proprietary Computer-aided design program from Dassault (French Company)
CAV project
Composite Armored Vehicle
CERC
Concurrent Engineering Research Center (U.S.A.)
CF
Carbon Fiber
CFCC
Continuous Fiber-Reinforced Ceramic Composite
CFRP
Carbon-Fiber Reinforced Plastic
CIM
Computer-Integrated Manufacturing
CMCs
Ceramic-Matrix Composites
CNG
Compressed National Gas
CRAD parts
Contract Research and Development parts
CTE
Coefficient of Thermal Expansion
CVD
Chemical Vapor Deposition
Delamination
Debonding of laminate
DSC
Differential Scanning Calorimetry
DOC
Direct Operating Cost
DoD
Dept. of Defense
DSS
Decision Support System
FEA modeling
Finite Element Analysis Modeling
FEM
Finite Element Methods
FRP
Fiber-Reinforced Plastic
GFRP
Glass-Fiber Reinforced Plastic
GRASKER
Graphite whisker
HSCT
High Speed Civil Transport
IPD
Integrated Product Development
IRADs
Independent Research and Development (projects)
ISO
International Standards Organization
JDA
Japan Defense Agency
JSAMPE
Japan Society for the Advancement of Materials and Process Engineering
JSCM
Japan Society for Composite Materials
Keiretsu
Loose associations of Japanese businesses characterized by reciprocal stock ownership and long-term supplier/customer relationships
Kitting
Gathering sub-elements into a "kit" for assembly
Layup
Stack of composite lamina
LCPs
Liquid Crystal Polymers
LDF
Long Discontinuous Fiber (Trademark of DuPont)
Material Set of activities that transfer a given set of raw materials into a Transformation final stage Process
Mechatronics
Study of electro-mechanical devices
Micromechanics
Mechanics of fiber-resin interactions
MITI
Ministry of International Trade & Industry (Japan)
MMC
Metal-Matrix Composite
NAL
National Aerospace Laboratories (Japan)
NDI
Non-Destructive Inspection
NDE
Non-Destructive Evaluation
NEFMAC
New Fiber Composite Material for Advanced Concrete A Shimizu composite construction product which is light weight and non-magnetic, a reinforcement for concrete (carbon, glass and aramid formed as an integrated mesh)
NESTEM
An FRP Geogrid produced for road reinforcement and stabilization a continuous production operation
NIST
National Institute of Standards and Technology
NOMST
Novel material shield-cuttable tunnel wall system
PEEK
PolyEtherEtherKetone
Photochromatic
The ability to darken in bright light but revert to original color when source of light is removed
PI resins
Polyimide resins
Pin-winding
Method of production used to produce NEFMAC
Ply
Layer of composite (Lamina)
PMC
Polymer-Matrix Composite
PRP
Product Realization Process
Pultrusion
A continuous composite fabrication technique
QA
Quality Assurance
QC
Quality Control
QFD
Quality Function Deployment
Resin
A polymer used to bind fiber
RIM
Reaction-Injection Molding
RIPT
Research Institute of Polymers & Textiles (Japan)
RTM
Resin Transfer Molding
SACMA
Suppliers of Advanced Composite Materials Association
Shotcrete
Method of applying concrete with high-pressure air
SMC
Sheet Molding Compounds
SPC
Statistical Process Control
SRIM
Structural Reaction Injection Molding
Stochastic
A process that has some element of probability in its structure process
TDB
Technical Development Bureau
TP
Thermoplastic
Tow placement
Combination of filament winding and tape laying technology
TQD
Total Quality Design
TQM
Total Quality Management
TS
Thermoset
USAF
U.S. Air Force
Whisker
Short, stiff fiber

Published: April 1994; WTEC Hyper-Librarian