Site: MITI Headquarters
Bureau of Machinery and Info. Industries
Aircraft and Ordnance Division
3-1, Kasumigaseki 1 chome, Chiyoda-ku
Tokyo 100, Japan
Date Visited: December 7, 1992
Report Author: B. Kramer
Mr. Keisuke Saito
The Ministry of International Trade and Industry (MITI) was originally established as the Ministry of Commerce and Industry in 1949 with the mission of developing the Japanese economy and industry.
Figure MITI_1 shows an organizational chart. In brief, it indicates that 12,447 people do the work for MITI. Within MITI, the Machinery and Information Industries Bureau (one of seven internal bureaus, employing a total of 2,263 people) handles the manufacturing-related aspects of composites, while the Basic Industries Bureau handles the materials aspects.
The Machinery and Information Industries Bureau employs about 200 people. Within this bureau is the Aircraft and Ordnance Division, which employs 12 people.
Mr. Saito is a policy expert. Therefore, his presentation emphasized policy matters.
Figure MITI.1. Organization of MITI - "MITI is organized so as to facilitate the effective implementation of concrete measures in line with the Ministry's basic policies (MITI, pp. 6 & 7)."
. Dual-use technologies means that the export of a technology is allowed if it has been designated for civilian use, or is being used already by the Japanese industry for civilian purposes. Otherwise, export of technology is decided on a case-by-case basis by the International Trade Administration Bureau, Export Division, indicated in Figure MITI.2.
When asked which part of MITI organized cooperative projects, it was indicated that each bureau has its own R&D budget. In addition, the Agency of Industrial Science and Technology (3,700 people) runs 16 regional institutes (see Figure MITI.1), the majority of which are located in Tsukuba City. Four years ago, for the first time, foreign companies were invited into an aircraft engine project (GE, Pratt and Whitney, SNECMA and Rolls Royce) and these four received Japanese funds.
It was indicated that the aircraft industry in Japan is 75% military, with a declining defense budget (see Tables MITI.1, MITI.2 and MITI.3); therefore, output is decreasing in 1992. Regarding MITI projects in aerospace, funds are only available for international cooperation: Japanese companies cannot get funding unless they have foreign partners. Current projects include the Boeing 777, the V2500 hypersonic (Mach 4-5) engine (with P&W, Rolls Royce, Fiat, and MTU [Germany]). Plausible future projects include a 600-800 passenger super-jumbo jet, an SST, or a small, 50-100 passenger aircraft.
We asked what was MITI's policy in dealing with excess capacity in composites and were told that the official policy is that composites are very important.
Figure MITI.2. International Trade Administration Bureau (MITI, p. 10)
New Contracts for Combat Equipment (Defense Agency)
Output in the Japanese Aircraft Industry
Ministry of International Trade and Industry. "MITI." Japan.