APPENDIX F. GLOSSARY

APD
Avalanche photo-detector (receiver)
a-Si
Amorphous silicon
ATM
Asynchronous transfer mode standard
BER
Bit-error rate
Birefringence
Refraction of light in 2 slightly different directions to form 2 rays
Byte-parallel transmission also, "ribbon-wide" transmission (?)
CATV
Cable Television
CCD
Charge-coupled device
CD-E
Erasable compact disk
CD-R
Rewritable compact disk
CD-ROM
Compact disk read-only memory
CDDI
Copper distributed data interface
CFC
Carbon-fiber composite
CK-MB
Creatine kinase
CW
Continuous wave
DBR
Distributed Bragg reflector
DBS
Direct broadcast satellite
DFB
Distibuted feedback (laser)
DMT
Discrete multitone
DRAM
Dynamic random access memory
DSVD
Double-sided video disk
DVD
Double-video disk
EDFA
Erbium-doped fiber amplifier (component for high- capacity fiber communications networks)
EIA
Electronics Industry Assn. (U.S)
EIAJ
Electronics Industry Assn. (Japan)
EEPROM
Eraseable electrically programmable read-only memory
ESD
Electrostatic discharge
Fabry-Pérot (or F-P or FP) Fabry-Pérot device (one of two parallel reflecting surfaces moves in response to pressure changes) used for interferometric temperature sensors
Fabry-Pérot interferometer
Interferometer having 2 parallel glass plates, silvered on inner surfaces, where incoming light waves are multipy reflected between them and ultimately transmitted
FBG
Fiber Bragg grating or fiber Bragg sensor
FDDI
Fiber-distributed data interface
FDMT
Frequency division multiplexing technology
Femtosecond
10 -15 seconds
FET
Field effect transistor
FITL
Fiber in the loop
FLIR
Forward-looking infrared laser
FOFIA
Fluoroimmunoassay
FOG
Fiber-optic gyroscope
FP
See Fabry-Pérot
FTR
Fiberoptic temperature (laser) radar
FTTC
Fiber to the curb (high-capacity optical communications services that terminate at a neighborhood hub, and each home is then connected to the optical hub with conventional copper wire)
FTTH
Fiber to the home (high-bandwidth optical communications services direct to consumers, as opposed to FTTC)
GATT
General Accord on Trade & Tariffs
GB
gigabyte (10 9 bytes) (gigabit is abbreviated Gbit)
GI-POF
Graded-index POF
GPS
Global positioning satellite (U.S. Navy navigation and positioning system used worldwide)
HDTV/VDR
High definition television/Video disk recorder
HFC
Hybrid fiber and coaxial cable
I/O
Input/output
IOC
Intraocular lens
IC
Integrated circuit
IO
Integrated optics
IOC
Integrated optical circuit
IF
Intermediate frequency
IR
Infrared
ISDN
Integrated services digital network
KDD
Japan's overseas telephone company
LAN
Local area network
LED
Light-emitting diode
LD
Laser diode
l/f
Low-frequency (?)
loop laser
low-cost lasers for FTTC, FTTH applications
MB
Megabyte (megabit is abbreviated Mbit)
MBE
Molecular beam epitaxy
MCM
Multichip module
MESFET
Metal-semiconductor field-effect transistor
Microbench
The technology of using silicon wafers as a substrate for hybrid integration of silica waveguides and semiconductor lasers and photdetectors
MITI
Ministry of International Trade and Industry (Japan)
MO
Magneto-optical
MPEG
"Moving pictures experts group," which develops standards for data compression
MQW
multi-quantum well (DFB laser)
MZ
Mach-Zehnder
NA
Numerical aperture
NSOM
Near-field scanning microscopy
NTSC
National Transmission Standards Committee. U.S. standard for TV broadcasting established in the 1940s
NTT
Nippon Telephone and Telegraph
OCDR
Optical coherence domain reflectometer
ODL
Optical data link (typically, components for high-capacity telecommunications trunk lines)
OECD
Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development
OEIC
Optoelectronic integrated circuit
OEM
Original equipment manufacturer
OIDA
Optoelectronics Industry Development Association (U.S.)
OITDA
Optoelectronics Industry Technology Development Association (Japan)
OTRL
Optoelectronic Technology Research Corporation (Jap.)
OTDR
Optical time domain reflectometry
PB, or petabytes
10 15bytes
PC
Personal computer/also phase-change (media)
PCR media
Phase-change reversible/recording (high-capacity optical storage)
PCS
Plastic-clad silica
PD
Phase-change disk
Photo CD
Kodak photo storage product
PIC
Photonic integrated circuit
PLC
Planar lightwave circuits
PM(F)
Polarization-maintaining fiber
POF
Plastic optical fiber
PPB
Parts per billion
PPM
Parts per million
PRC
Photorefractive crystals
PSHB
Persistent spectral hole-burning effect
RAID
Redundant array of inexpensive disks ÷ an array of low-cost magnetic disk drives connected in parallel
RF
Radio frequency
RLG
Ring laser gyroscope
RWC
Real World Computing Program
SDH
Synchronous digital hierarchy transmission standard ("Sonet" in United States)
SFS
Superfluorescent fiber sources (Er-doped?)
SM fiber
Single-mode fiber
SNR
Signal-to-noise ratio
Solitons
Solitary waves that retain their shape and speed after colliding with each other, as in a gaseous plasma
SPIE
International Society for Optical Engineering
SRAM
Electronic static random access memory
SRG
Stimulated Raman gain spectroscopy
TB, or terabytes
10 12 bytes
TDM
Time-division multiplexing
TDMA
Time-division multiple-access transmission
VCSEL
Vertical-cavity surface-emitting laser
VDR
Video disc recorder
VIP
NTT's visual/intelligent/personal telecom services
VLSI
Very large-scale integrated (circuits)
WDM
Waveguide-division multiplexing
WORM
Write once, read many

Published: February 1996; WTEC Hyper-Librarian