GLOSSARY

2DEG
2-dimensional electron gas
ADC
Analog-digital converter
AFM
Atomic force microscopy
AFOSR
Air Force Office of Scientific Research
AMLCD
Active matrix liquid crystal display
AMO
Atomic, molecular, and optical
ARO
Army Research Office
ASME
American Society of Mechanical Engineers
ATP
Adenosine triphosphate
BERAPD
Biomedical Engineering and Research to Aid Persons with Disabilities (NSF)
BES
Basic Energy Sciences office (DOE)
BES
Bioengineering and Environmental Systems (NSF/ENG)
BMDO
Ballistic Missile Defense Organization
BOD-FF
Bond-order-dependent force field
CAD
Computer-assisted design
cermet
Ceramic/metal composite
CHE
Division of Chemistry (NSF/MPS)
CIP
Cold isostatic press
CMOS
Complementary metal-oxide semiconductor
CMP
Chemical mechanical polishing
CMS
Civil and Mechanical Systems division (NSF/ENG)
CRT
Cathode ray tube
CSM
Covalent shell model
CTS
Chemical and Transport Systems division (NSF/ENG)
CVC
Chemical vapor condensation
CVD
Chemical vapor deposition
CVI
Chemical vapor infiltration
DARPA
Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency
DMII
Design, Manufacture, and Industrial Innovation division (NSF/ENG)
DMR
Division of Materials Research (NSF/MPS)
DOC
Department of Commerce
DOD
Department of Defense
DOE
Department of Energy
EC
Evaporation/condensation generators
ECS
Electrical and Communications Systems division (NSF ENG)
ERATO
(Japan) Exploratory Research for Advanced Technology program
ERC
Engineering Research Center on Microelectronics (University of Illinois)
ETO
Education and Training Office (DARPA)
fcc
Face centered cubic (metals)
FET
Field effect transistor
FF
Force field
FIFO
First in - first out
FIM
Field ion microscope
FPMD
First-principles molecular dynamics
GDS-DFT
Gaussian dual space density functional theory
GIC
Graphite intercolated composites
GMR
Giant magnetoresistance
GPC
Gas phase condensation
GPS
Global Positioning System
GVB
Generalized valence bond
HBFF
Hessian-based force field
Hc
Coercivity
HDS
Hydrodesulfurization
HIP('ing)
Hot isostatic press(ing)
HMDS
Hexamethyl-dilazane
HPHT
High pressure/high temperature
i.d.
Inner dimension
IGC
Inert gas condensation
IIA
Individual Investigator Award
IR
Infrared
ISDN
Integrated Services Digital Network
LCD
Liquid crystal display
LCT
Liquid crystal templating
LED
Light-emitting diode
LTMC
Layered transition metal chalcogenide
MA
Mechanical alloying
MBE
Molecular beam epitaxy
mCP
Microcontact printing
MD
Molecular dynamics
MEMS
Microelectromechanical systems
MIMIC
Micromolding in capillaries
MITI
(Japan) Ministry of International Trade and Industry
MOCVD
Metal oxide chemical vapor deposition
MOSFET
Metal oxide semiconductor/field-effect transistor
MR-CI
Multireference configuration interaction
MRSECs
Materials Research Science and Engineering Centers (NSF)
MSC
Materials and Process Simulation Center (California Institute of Technology)
mTM
Microtransfer molding
MURI
Multidisciplinary (university) research initiative, DOD
NASA
National Aeronautic and Space Administration
NCA
Nanoparticle chain aggregate
NCAP
Nematic curvilinear aligned phase material
NCCE
(NSF) National Center for Computational Electronics
NEIMO
Newton-Euler Inverse Mass Operator method for modeling
internal coordinate dynamics
NEMD
Nonequilibrium molecular dynamics
NIH
National Institutes of Health
NIST
National Institute of Standards and Technology
NMR
Nuclear magnetic resonance
NRC
National Research Council
NRL
Naval Research Laboratory
NSF
National Science Foundation
NSOM
Near-field scanning optical microscopy
NSS
Nanoscale systems
NT
Nanotechnology
o.d.
Outer dimension
OLED
Organic light-emitting device
ONR
Office of Naval Research
PAN
Polyacrylonitrile
PB
Polybutadiene
PBC
Periodic boundary conditions
PCD
Polycrystalline diamond
PCR
Polymerase chain reaction
PDLC
Polymer-dispersed liquid crystals
PDMS
Polydimethylsiloxane
PI
Principal Investigator (also, co-PIs)
POC(s)
Point(s) of contact
PS
Polystyrene
PS-GVB
Psuedospectral generalized valence bond
PVDF
Poly(vinylidene fluoride)
QCA
Quantum cellular automata
QCL
Quantum cascade lasers
Q-dots
Quantum dots
QEq
Charge equilibration
QM
Quantum mechanics/mechanical
RCMM
Reduced cell multipole method
redox
Reduction-oxidation
RGB
Red, green, blue
RTD
Resonant tunneling diode
SAM
Self-assembled monolayer
SAMIM
Solvent-assisted microcontact molding
SAW
Surface acoustic wave device
SEP
Size-dependent evolutionary pattern
SET
Single-electron transistor
SOI
Silicon on insulator
SPD
Superplastic deformation
SROs
Scientific Research Initiatives (DOD)
STA
(Japan) Science and Technology Agency
STM
Scanning tunneling microscope/microscopy
STN
Super twisted nematic
SUNY
State University of New York
SWNT
Single-wall nanotubes
TBC
Thermal barrier coating
TEM
Transmission electron microscope/microscopy
TFT
Thin film transistors
TMS
Tech molecular sieves; family of transition metal oxides
UFF
Universal force field
UHV
Ultrahigh vacuum
UHVCVD
Ultrahigh vacuum chemical vapor deposition
ULSI
Ultra large scale integrated circuit
ULTRA
Ultra Electronics: Ultra Dense, Ultra Fast Computing Components
Program (DARPA)
URI
(University) research initiative (see also MURI, DOD initiative)
VC
Vanadium-carbon
VCSELs
Vertical cavity surface-emitting lasers
WC/Co
Tungsten carbide/cobalt
WTEC
World Technology Evaluation Center

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Published: January 1998; WTEC Hyper-Librarian