U.S. ARMY RESEARCH OFFICE ACTIVITIES IN NANOTECHNOLOGY

MICHAEL A. STROSCIO
SENIOR RESEARCH SCIENTIST (ST), OFFICE OF THE DIRECTOR, U.S. ARMY
RESEARCH OFFICE

U.S. Army Research Office (ARO) programs and highlights may be summarized as follows:

SROs of particular relevance to nanotechnology are

The ARO funding in the areas of nanoscience, biomimetics, and smart structures is about $15 million a year. In addition to that, the OSD funds research centers: the university research initiative centers and the multidisciplinary research initiative centers, the so-called MURI centers.

Army needs in the area of nanotechnology include the following:

The Army is interested in these things for a lot of reasons, for example, to improve situational awareness -- how do you keep the soldiers from being killed? One important factor is for the soldier to know his location, so the Global Positioning System (GPS) is important, microsensors are important, as are chemical and biological detection sensors; many concepts based on unattended ground sensors are key for situational awareness. The idea of miniaturizing power sources is critical. Nanotechnology has a lot to offer there. Higher functionality, smaller mass, and smaller volume are among the advantages ARO seeks from nanotechnology.

Historical Background

DOD Relevance



DOD Relevance

Future military applications

Building Materials from the Ground Up




Self-assembled gold cluster array

Major Army S&T Areas

Challenges














Multiple-Well Quantum-Injection Laser


P. Bhattacharya Univ. of Michigan
URI on High-Frequency Microelectronics




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Published: January 1998; WTEC Hyper-Librarian