LIST OF FIGURES

Chapter 2. Overview of the WTEC Study

2.1 Organizational chart of the WTEC study

Chapter 3. Review of U.S. Government Activities and Interests
(USG funding body indicated in brackets)

National Nanofabrication Users Network (NNUN) (NSF)
A glucose-sensing polymer (NSF/ENG/BES)
Main feed pump/turbine for thermal spray processing of nanostructured coatings (ONR)
Close-up, labyrinth seal of main feed pump shaft (ONR)
Historical background (ARO)
DOD relevance: Military and dual-use applications (ARO)
DOD relevance: Future military applications (ARO)
Building materials from the ground up: Self-assembled gold cluster array (ARO)
Challenges: Nanofabrication and quantum mechanical control (ARO)
Quantized acoustic phonon modes in quantum wires and quantum dots (ARO)
Multiple-well quantum-injection laser (ARO)
Step quantum well laser (ARO)
Dissipation and scattering time engineering in quantum devices (ARO)
Interface-phonon-assisted transitions in quantum-well lasers (ARO)
Molecular measuring machining for positional metrology (NIST)
AEM-PEELS experiment for high resolution compositional analysis (NIST)
Scanning electron microscopy with polarization analysis (NIST)
Oscillatory magnetic exchange coupling in Fe/Cr/Fe (NIST)
Key measurements for improved property understanding (NIST)
In situ TEM observation of deformation, fracture in nanoscale multilayers (NIST)
Powder consolidation (nano Fe): density vs. processing temperature (NIST)
Powder consolidation (nano Fe): hardness vs. processing temperature (NIST)
Giant magnetoresistance (GMR) spin valves: typical published results (NIST)
GMR spin valve configurations (NIST)
Magnetic nanocomposite refrigerants: entropy change vs. T for magnetic field change (NIST)
Measured magnetocaloric effect for Gd3Ga5-xFexO12 nanocomposites (NIST)
5 (m MFM scans (magnetic and topographic) of 200 nm Co film on glass (NIST)
5 (m MFM scans (magnetic and topographic) of 20 nm Co film on glass (NIST)
Magnetic and topographic TMAFM images of 3000 A Ni on Cu (100), as deposited (NIST)
Magnetic and topographic TMAFM images of 3000 A Ni on Cu (100), AC demagnetized (NIST)
Micromagnetic calculations of domain patterns in thick and thin film (NIST)
Head to head domain wall structures in thin magnetic strips (NIST)
Micro applications (NASA)
Lightweight augmented reality (NASA)
Laser-powered rotations of nanotube gears (NASA-Ames)
Rotations of nanotube gear with 130 GHz cw laser (NASA-Ames)
Rotations of a gear with 130 GHz pulsed laser (NASA-Ames)
Quantum chemistry study of structural stability of nanodevices (NASA-Ames)
Carbon nanotube electronic devices (NASA-Ames)
Trends in computing electronics (DARPA)
Semiconductor roadmap technology characteristics, including RTD/FET technologies (DARPA)
ULTRA electronics thrusts (DARPA)

Chapter 4. Synthesis and Assembly

4.1 TEM images of silica/surfactant nanostructured composites (Aksay)
4.2 In-situ AFM images of mesostructured films growing on mica and graphite substrates (Aksay)
4.3 A TEM bright field image of the amorphous barium titanated thin film of Kraton (Aksay)
4.4 Stretching and contraction of a titania nanoparticle chain aggregate (NCA) (Friedlander)
4.5 Schematic size regimes for semiconductor nanocrystals (Brus)
4.6 Scanning luminescence image and time trace of single CdSe nanocrystals (Brus)
4.7 Scanning electron micrograph of a Mg-11.3 at % Ni particle used for hydrogen storage (Schwarz)
4.8 Hydrogen absorption/desorption characteristics of the Mg-11.3 at. % Ni alloy (Schwarz)

Chapter 5. Bulk Behavior

5.1 Temperature dependence of the coercivity in passivated Fe particles (Hadjipanayis)
5.2 Dependence of the coercivity on the metal volume fraction (Hadjipanayis)
5.3 Coercivity versus Fe content in Fe/SiO2 granular solids (Hadjipanayis)
5.4 Particle gun based on evaporation (Hadjipanayis)
5.5 Particle gun based on spark erosion (Hadjipanayis)
5.6 Particle gun based on high pressure sputtering (Hadjipanayis)
5.7 Hysteresis loops of Fe-rich Nd-Fe-B magnets (Hadjipanayis)
5.8 M vs. T in Sm2Fe17Ga2Cx magnets consisting of 2:17:Cx + a-Fe phases (Hadjipanayis)
5.9 Magnetostriction in Tb-Fe/Fe-B multilayers (Hadjipanayis)

Chapter 6. Dispersions and Coatings

Potential benefits of nanostructured materials (Gell)
Increased hardness and toughness of nanocoatings over commercial coatings (Gell)
Wear resistance of conventional and nanostructured WC-Co composites (Gell)
Wear surface morphology of conventional and nanostructured WC-Co composites (Gell)
Improvements afforded by nanostructured thermal barrier coatings (Gell)
Calculated thermal conductivity of 7YSZ as a function of temperature and grain diameter (Gell)
Nanostructured materials - processing methods (Gell)
Coating technology plan for nanostructured materials (Gell)
Requirements for nanostructured materials for gas turbine engine applications (Gell)
Nanostructured structural alloys and coatings for gas turbine engine applications (Gell)

Chapter 7. High Surface Area Materials

7.1 Folded and disordered sheets of MoS2 (Chianelli)
7.2 Tungsten disulfide forms (Chianelli)
7.3 Structure of trichalcogenides - NbSe3 shown (Chianelli)
7.4 Stack height of crystallites (Chianelli)
7.5 HDS (Hydrodesulfurization) reaction (Chianelli)
7.6 Nanoparticles of MoS2 and Co9S8 at a "catalytic junction" (Chianelli)

Chapter 9. Biological, Carbon, and Theory Issues

9.1 Schematic diagram of a catalytically grown carbon nanofiber (Baker)
9.2 Two conformations of carbon nanofibers with their graphite platelets (Baker)
9.3 Schematic of the structure of a graphite nanofiber and the hydrogen absorption process (Baker)
9.4 DNA stick figures (Seeman)
9.5 Cube and truncated octahedron (Seeman)
9.6 Double crossover molecules (Seeman)
9.7 2-D lattice and octahedron (Seeman)
9.8 Schlegel diagram of a pentagonal dodecahedron (Seeman)
9.9 Borromean rings constructed from DNA (Seeman)
9.10 The Materials and Process Simulation Center (MSC) hierarchy of materials simulation (Goddard)
9.11 Scaling behavior of massively parallel evaluation of energy and forces using MPSim (Goddard)
9.12 Scaling behavior of molecular dynamics step in MPSim (Goddard)