Appendix E. Site Reports - Taiwan

OVERVIEW OF NANOPARTICLE / NANOTECHNOLOGY RESEARCH IN TAIWAN

David T. Shaw

In 1996, the total product value of integrated circuits (IC) produced in Taiwan reached $7.8 billion. From 1995 to 1997, IC products have grown at an average of 50-60% per year. The current state of IC manufacturing and product technology in Taiwan, as summarized in Tables E.1 and E.2, is two to four years behind the leading countries. However, the technology gap is closing fast as Taiwan invests heavily in nanotechnology R&D. In l996, more than 400 research projects amounting to more than $7 million were supported by the National Science Council in such diverse microelectronic fields as VLSI technology, amorphous silicon, microelectromechanical systems, and electronic packaging. These projects share a common theme: the development of submicron or nanometer technology.

Table E.1. Current State of IC Manufacturing Technology in Taiwan

Item

Taiwan's Level

Leading Country

Leading-edge Technology Level

CMOS

0.25 Ám (R&D) 0.35 Ám (production)

Japan, U.S.A.

0.18 Ám (R&D) 0.25 Ám (production)

BiCMOS

0.8 Ám (production)

Japan

0.35 Ám (production) 0.25 Ám (R&D)

Bipolar

2.5 Ám

Japan

1.0 Ám (production)

GaAs

Circuit design and 0.6 Ám process

U.S.A., Japan

0.35 Ám (R&D)

 

 

Table E.2. Current State of IC Product Technology in Taiwan

Item

Taiwan's Level

Leading Country

Leading-edge Technology Level

DRAM

64 M (R&D) 16 M (production)

Japan, Korea

1G (papers published) 256 M (production)

SRAM

4 M (pilot run) 1 M (production)

Japan

64 M (papers published)

16 M (production)

ROM

Introduction of 64 M mask ROM in 1994 by UMC

Japan

Introduction of 64 M mask ROM by Sharp

Flash Memory

4 M Flash (production)

16 M Flash (pilot run)

U.S.A., Japan

64 M/256 M Flash (R&D)

32 M (production)

MCU

4 bit, 8 bit

U.S.A.

16 bit (production) 32 bit (announced)

MPU

RISC CPU

U.S.A.

RISC: 64 bit 200 MIPS

A/D D/A converter

A/D: 8 bit, 20 MHz D/A: 8 bit, 120 MHz

U.S.A., Europe

A/D: 8 bit, 650 MHz D/A: 8 bit, 100 MHz

Power IC

Discrete bipolar Discrete MOS

Japan, Europe

Smart power

 

National Taiwan University (NTU)
1, Sec. 4, Roosevelt Rd.
Taipei, Taiwan ROC

National Chiao-Tung University (NCTU)
Hsinchu, Taiwan ROC

National Tsing-Hua University (NTHU)
No. 101, Sec. 2, Kuang Fu Road
Hsinchu, Taiwan 300, ROC

National Chung-Chen University (NCCU)
Taiwan 621, ROC

Industrial Technology Research Institute (ITRI)
Materials Research Laboratory (MRL)
195-5 Chung Hsing Rd., Section 4
Chutung, Hsinchu, Taiwan 310, ROC


Published: September 1999; WTEC Hyper-Librarian