Technology

Materials

Size Range, nm

Design and Producing

Plasma chemical reactions

Nanophase ceramics

TiO2, TiN, ZrO2, Si3N4, BN, NbTiCN

10-500

Institute of New Chemical Problems, RAS, Chernogolovka, Moscow distr.

Exploding wires

Metals, alloys, their oxides and carbides

Ag, Cu, Au, Ti, Ni, W, Zr and others

30-1000

Institute of Electrophysics, Ural Division of RAS, Krasnoyarsk. Scientific-Research Institute of High Voltages at Polytechnic University of Tomsk, Tomsk

Chemical precipitation

Metals, alloys, ceramics, metal-ceramics

Cu, Ni, Fe, Fe-Cu, Fe-Ni-Cu, Al2O3, ZrO2, Ti2O3, Ni- Al2O3

10-300

Baikov's Institute of Metallurgy, RAS, Moscow

Laser evaporation of targets

Oxides

ZrO2, Y2O3, Al2O3, ZrO2(Y2O3)Al2O3, Si3N4, SiC, C3N4

50-400

Republican Engineering-Technical Center of Powder Metallurgy, Research Institute of Powder Technology and Coating , Permj

Metal

Vacuum <10-8 torr

Air

Distilled Water

Ice

Decane

Technical Oil

Paraffin

Al

Alo

Alo covered by oxides

Al (OH)3*

g -Al2O3 (I)

g -Al2O3 (II)

g -Al2O3

Al4C3**

 

Carbides

Fe

Feo

Feo covered by oxides

FeO

Oxide mixture

FeC

 

Carbide mixture

Ti

Tio

Tio covered by oxides

Ti2O3

Oxide mixture

TiC

 

Carbide mixture

W

Wo

Wo covered by oxides

WO2

Oxide mixture

WC1-x

 

WC

Cu

Cuo

Cuo covered by oxides

Cu2O

 

Carbides not formed

Cuo and fullerenes