Alves, H., M. Ferreira, U. Koster, and B. Muller. 1996. Materials Science Forum 225-227: 769.

Baibich, M..N., J.M. Broto, A. Fert, F. Nguyen Van Dau, F. Petroff, P. Etienne, G. Creuzet, A. Friederich, and J. Chazelas. 1998. Phys. Rev. Lett. 61:2472.

Berkowitz, A.E., J.R. Mitchell, M.J. Carey, A.P. Young, S. Zhang, F.E. Spada, F.T. Parker, A. Hutten, and G. Thomas. 1992. Phys. Rev. Lett. 68:3745.

Bohn, R., T. Haubold, R Birringer, and H. Gleiter. 1991. Scripta Metall. Mater. 25:811.

Carsley, J.E., R. Shaik, W.W. Milligan, and E.C. Aifantis. 1997. In Chemistry and physics of nanostructures and related non-equilibrium materials. ed. E. Ma, B. Fultz, R. Shull, J. Morral, and P. Nash. Warrendale, PA: TMS.

Cohen, J.B. 1992. Metall. Trans. A. 23A:2685.

Darken, L.S. 1961. Trans. Am. Soc. Met. 54:599.

Eastman, J.A., M. Choudry, M.N. Rittner, C.J. Youngdahl, M. Dollar, J.R. Weertman, R.J. DiMelfi, and L.J. Thompson. 1997. In Chemistry and physics of nanostructures, ed. Ma et al.

El-Hilo, M., K. O'Grady, and R.W. Chantrell. 1994. J. Appl. Phys. 76:6811.

Erb, U., G. Palumbo, R. Zugic, and K.T. Aust. 1996. In Processing and properties of nanocrystalline materials, ed. C. Suryanarayana, J. Singh, and F.H. Froes. Warrendale, PA: TMS.

Gertsman, V.Y., M. Hoffman, H. Gleiter and R. Birringer. 1994. Acta Metall. Mater. 42:3539-3544.

Gleiter, H. 1990. Progress in Materials Science 33:4.

Guinier, A. 1938. Nature 142:569; Preston, G.D. 1938. Nature 142:570.

Günther, B., A. Baalmann, and H. Weiss. 1990. Mater. Res. Soc. Symp. Proc. 195:611-615.

Hadjipanayis, C.G. 1998. Nanostructured magnetic materials. In R&D Status and Trends, ed. Siegel et al.

Huang, J.Y., Y.K. Wu, and H.Q. Ye. 1996. Acta Mater. 44:1211.

Inoue, A. 1997. Private communication.

Inturi, R.B., and Z. Szklavska-Smialowska. 1992. Corrosion 48:398.

Karch, J., R. Birringer, and H. Gleiter. 1987. Nature 330:556.

Ke, M., S.A. Hackney, W.W. Milligan, and E.C. Aifantis. 1995. Nanostructured Mater. 5:689.

Krstic, V., U. Erb, and G. Palumbo. 1993. Scripta Metall. et Mater. 29:1501.

Liang, G., Z. Li, and E. Wang. 1996. J. Mater. Sci.

Makino, A., A. Inoue, T. Hatanai, and T. Bitoh. 1997. Materials Science Forum 235-238: 723.

Mehl, R.F., and R.W. Cahn. 1983. Historical development. In Physical metallurgy. North Holland.

Milligan, W.W., S.A. Hackney, M. Ke, and E.C. Aifantis. 1993. Nanostructured Materials 2:267.

Mishra, R.S., and A.K. Mukherjee. 1997. Oral presentation at TMS meeting, Indianapolis, Indiana, 16-18 September 1997, to be published in proceedings of Symp. "Mechanical Behavior of Bulk Nano-Materials."

Mishra, R.S., R.Z. Valiev, and A.K. Mukherjee. 1997. Nanostructured Materials 9:473.

Morris, D.G., and M.A. Morris. 1991. Acta Metall. Mater. 39:1763-1779.

Morris, D.G., and M.A. Morris. 1997. Materials Science Forum 235-238:861.

Nagpal, P., and I. Baker. 1990. Scripta Metall. Mater. 24:2381.

Nieman, G.W., J.R. Weertman, and R.W. Siegel. 1991a. Mater. Res. Soc. Symp. Proc. 206:581-586.

_____. 1991b. J. Mater. Res. 6:1012-1027.

Ramanan, V.R. 1998. Nanocrystalline soft magnetic alloys for applications in electrical and electronic devices. In R&D Status and Trends, ed. Siegel et al.

Rofagha, R., R. Langer, A.M. El-Sherik, U. Erb, G. Palumbo, and K.T. Aust. 1991. Scr. Metall. Mater. 25:2867.

Romanov, A.E., V.I. Vladimirov. 1992. In Dislocations in solids, ed. F.R.N. Nabarro, Vol. 9. Amsterdam: North-Holland.

Salishekev, G.A., O.R. Valiakhmetov, V.A. Valitov, and S.K. Mukhtarov. 1994. Materials Science Forum. 170-172:121.

Sanders, P.G., M. Rittner, E. Kiedaisch, J.R. Weertman, H. Kung, and Y.C. Lu. 1997. Nanostructured Mater. 9:433.

Sanders, P.G., J.A. Eastman, and J.R. Weertman. 1996. In Processing and properties of nanocrystalline materials, ed. Suryanarayana et al.

Scanlan, R.M., W.A. Fietz, and E.F. Koch. 1975. J. Appl. Phys. 46:2244.

Schultz, L., J. Wecker, and E. Hellstern. 1987. J. Appl. Phys. 61:3583.

Schultz, L., K. Schnitzke, and J. Wecker. 1989. J. Magn. Mater. 80:115.

Schwarz, R.B. 1998. Storage of hydrogen powders with nanosized crystalline domains. In R&D Status and Trends, ed. Siegel et al.

Shen, T.D., C.C. Koch, T.Y. Tsui, and G.M. Pharr. 1995. J. Mater. Res. 10:2892.

Shull, R.D., R.D. McMichael, and J.J. Ritter. 1993. Nanostructured Mater. 2:205.

Shull, R.D. 1998. NIST activities in nanotechnology. In R&D Status and Trends, ed. Siegel et al.

Siegel, R.W. 1997. Materials Science Forum 235-238:851.

Siegel R.W. and G.E. Fougere. 1994. In Nanophase materials, ed. G.C. Hadjipanayis and R.W. Siegel. Netherlands: Kluwer Acad. Publ.

Siegel, R.W., E. Hu, and M.C. Roco, eds. 1998. R&D status and trends in nanoparticles, nanostructured materials, and nanodevices in the United States. Baltimore: Loyola College, International Technology Research Institute. NTIS #PB98-117914.

Silcock, J.M., T.J. Heal, and H.K. Hardy. 1953-54. Journal of the Institute of Metals 82:239.

Smith, P.A.I., J. Ding, R. Street, and P.G. McCormick. 1996. Scripta Materialia 34:61.

Thomson, R.M. 1996. In Physical metallurgy, 4th ed., ed. R.W. Cahn and P. Haasen. Elsevier Science BV.

Veprek, S. 1998. Private conversation, February.

Weertman, J.R., and R.S. Averback. 1996. In Nanomaterials: Synthesis, properties, and applications, ed. A.S. Edlestein and R.C. Cammarata. Bristol: Institute of Physics Publ.

Wong, L., D. Ostrander, U. Erb, G. Palumbo, and K.T. Aust. 1994. In Nanophases and nanocrystalline structures, ed. R.D. Shull and J.M. Sanchez. Warrendale, PA: TMS.

Yoshizawa, Y., S. Oguma, and K. Yamauchi. 1988. J. Appl. Phys. 64:6044.


Published: September 1999; WTEC Hyper-Librarian