The Japanese envision much larger scale integration for the future. The concept of mechatronics, the large-scale integration of mechanical systems and informatics, is especially interesting. One example, computer integrated construction (CIC) at Obayashi, was illustrated by a video during the JTEC team's visit. CIC would automate the construction of structures such as buildings. The scope of automation includes design, logistics, and actual construction. Techniques such as planning and scheduling, robotics, and control will be required.