Dr. Irwin Feller (Panel Chair)

Dr. Irwin Feller is director of the Institute for Policy Research and Evaluation and professor of economics at The Pennsylvania State University, where he has been on the faculty since 1963. Dr. Feller's current research interests include the economics of academic research, the university's role in technology-based economic development, and the evaluation of federal and state technology programs. He is the author of Universities and State Governments: A Study in Policy Analysis (Praeger Publishers, 1986) and over 100 refereed journal articles, final research reports, and book chapters, as well as of numerous papers presented to academic, professional, and policy audiences. He has been a consultant to the President's Office of Science and Technology Policy, National Aeronautics and Space Administration, the Carnegie Commission on Science, Technology, and Government, The Ford Foundation, National Science Foundation, and National Institute of Standards and Technology, among others. He is a member of the Panel on International Benchmarking of U.S. Research Fields-Immunology, National Academy of Sciences/National Research Council; Transportation Research Board, Research and Technology Coordinating Committee, National Research Council; NIST-Manufacturing Extension Partnership National Advisory Board; National Science Foundation Advisory Committee on Social, Behavioral, and Economic Sciences; and formerly chaired the American Association for the Advancement of Science's Committee on Science, Engineering, and Public Policy.

Dr. George Gamota

George Gamota is President of Science and Technology Management Associates, a technology consulting firm specializing in technology assessments, research and technology policy, and small business development. Dr. Gamota also serves as associate director of ITRI and advisor to its WTEC program, which assesses trends in international science and technology for the National Science Foundation (NSF), the Department of Commerce, the National Aeronautics and Space Administration, and various agencies of the Department of Defense. Dr. Gamota played a key role in the founding of the JTEC program in 1983 (WTEC's predecessor) and has been involved in its management ever since. He chaired WTEC's study of Japan's ERATO program in 1996. Dr. Gamota previously served as director of the Mitre Institute, Chief Scientist of the Mitre Corporation's Bedford Group, President of Thermo Electron Technologies Corporation, Professor of Physics and Director of the Institute of Science and Technology at the University of Michigan, Director for Research in the Office of the Secretary of Defense, Special Assistant to the President of Bell Laboratories, and member of the staff (MTS). He has also served as a consultant to Science Applications International Corporation (SAIC), Thermo Electron Corporation, JMAR Technology Corporation, and the National Academy of Sciences Committee on International Security and Arms Control. He was the 1995 national chairman for the National Conference on the Advancement of Research, and served as its program chair in 1993. Dr. Gamota holds a PhD in physics from the University of Michigan (1966) and an MS (1963) and BS (1961) from the University of Minnesota. Among the recognitions and awards Dr. Gamota has received are the Meritorious Civilian Service Award from the Department of Defense, Fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS), Fellow of the American Physical Society (APS), and senior member of the IEEE. He is the author of over 100 articles and the author of or contributor to six books.

Dr. Richard E. Harris

Dr. Richard Harris is Chief of the Electromagnetic Technology Division of the National Institute of Standards and Technology, Boulder Laboratories. The division develops state-of-the-art standards and measurement technology for electrical and other measurements and provides measurement support for the magnetic data storage industry. The division has developed the series array Josephson voltage standard that is now used in about 50 laboratories worldwide; it supplies critical current standards for superconducting wire and artifact standards for magnetic force microscopy. The division also does advanced research on current standards, ac voltage standards, X-ray spectroscopy, microwave properties of high temperature superconductors, ultra-fast and ultra-dense magnetic recording, and magnetic imaging. It maintains a complete fabrication facility for superconducting and magnetic integrated circuits.

Dr. Harris received MS (1965) and PhD (1969) degrees in physics from the University of Illinois and a BS degree from the University of Rochester (1963). He became a staff member at United Technologies Research Center in 1969. In 1975 he joined the National Institute of Standards and Technology (then the National Bureau of Standards), Boulder, Colorado, becoming Group Leader of the Cryoelectronic Metrology Group in 1982. In 1993, he was appointed to his present position. In 1980 he was assigned for one year to the IBM Zürich Research Laboratories. In 1993, he served as a member of the City Council in Boulder, Colorado.

Mr. Paul Herer

Paul Herer is Senior Advisor for Planning and Technology Assessment for the Engineering Directorate of the National Science Foundation. He has directed strategic and long range planning, program development and technology assessment activities, such as WTEC. In addition, he has provided technical oversight for the Critical Technologies Institute, a federally funded center that supports the White House Office of Science and Technology Policy. He is currently on detail to the Office of the Director at NSF, where he is also involved in strategic planning. Mr. Herer has authored and co-authored many articles and reports dealing with technology assessment and policy, including the 1996 WTEC report on Japan's ERATO and PRESTO Programs. He has served on special long-term assignments to the Office of Management and Budget and to the Research and Development Corporation of Japan. He holds a BA degree in psychology and an MBA from the University of Maine. In 1997 he recently received NSF's highest honor, the Distinguished Service Award.

Dr. Patti O'Neill-Brown

Dr. Patricia O'Neill-Brown is Manager of the Japan Technology Program in the Commerce Department's Office of Technology Policy. She is responsible for tracking and analyzing Japanese scientific and technical developments and trends in science and technology policy. She is a key member of the U.S. government team that formulates bilateral agreements, principally the U.S.-Japan Science and Technology Agreement. One of her responsibilities is running the Machine Translation Center for Japanese Science and Technology Literature, put in place through an agreement with the Japan Science and Technology Corporation. Dr. O'Neill-Brown has a PhD from Georgetown University in linguistics with a concentration in computational linguistics. She reads, writes and speaks Japanese. Her professional interests include machine translation, intelligent information retrieval, agent technologies, computer assisted instruction, speech recognition and synthesis and multilingual computing. She develops software and is actively at work in the field of artificial intelligence (AI), publishing in the field and serving on conference committees. She was the co-organizer of a workshop on agents as part of the 5th Pacific Rim International Conference on Artificial Intelligence (PRICAI98) held in November 1998 in Singapore, and was on the conference committee for the 1998 Association for Machine Translation in the Americas (AMTA) conference.

Dr. Oskar R. Zaborsky

Dr. Zaborsky has extensive experience in science and engineering programs, administration and management, along with experience in R&D dealing with marine biotechnology, biological hydrogen production, environmental biotechnology, biocatalysis, and immobilized enzymes (having developed several patented methods). He has held positions in industry, government, non-profit organizations, and academia dealing with biotechnology, the life sciences and engineering. He joined the University of Hawaii in 1995, serving as the Williamson-Matsunaga FREE Scholar, and established the Marine Bioproducts Engineering Center (MarBEC) in 1998, an NSF Engineering Research Center. At NSF, Dr. Zaborsky was responsible for formulating the first government efforts dealing with recombinant DNA technology and renewable resources. At National Academy of Sciences, as Director of the Board on Biology, he was responsible for a number of significant studies including those on bioprocess engineering (Putting Biotechnology to Work: Bioprocess Engineering) and DNA typing technology (DNA Technology in Forensic Science). He has written more than 60 scientific articles and has authored or edited more than 10 books, including the series, Marine Biotechnology. He also launched a number of journals including Enzyme & Microbial Technology. Dr. Zaborsky received his education at the Philadelphia College of Pharmacy & Science, University of Chicago (E.T. Kaiser) and Harvard University (Nobel Laureate E.J. Corey). During the past few years, Dr. Zaborsky has been actively engaged in environmental biotechnology issues and served as co-chair of Environmental Biotech '96, a national conference and exhibition sponsored by the Biotechnology Industry Organization (BIO) and the National Science and Technology Council of the Office of Science and Technology Policy, White House. He has lectured widely, most recently in several major German and Japanese universities and biotechnology centers.

Published: September 1999; WTEC Hyper-Librarian