APPENDIX D. GLOSSARY

AFOSR
Air Force Office of Scientific Research
APEC
Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (organization of East Asian and Pacific countries)
ARO
Army Research Office
ATM Forum
Asynchronous Transfer Mode (ATM) standards setting group
Birefringence
Reflection of light in two slightly different directions to form two rays
CAI
Computer-aided instruction
CISTA
Computer-integrated speech training aid
CMU
Carnegie-Mellon University
Codec
Coder/decoder (i.e., for video or audio)
CSCW
Computer-supported collaborative work
DSP
Digital signal processing
ECB
Electrically controlled birefringence
EPROM
Erasable programmable read-only memory
GUI
Graphical user interface
Haptic feedback
Force and tactile feedback
Hiragana
Phonetic Japanese character set
Hyperlink
Electronic pointer from one location to another (see WWW)
I/O
Input/output
ITU-T
International Telecommunications Union standard
Kanji
Pictograph Japanese character set
Katakana
Phonetic Japanese character set
LCD
Liquid crystal display
LSI
Large-scale integrated (circuits, devices)
Macromind
Multimedia authoring package sold by Macromedia
Middleware
Software interposed between basic functionalities such as those provided by database management systems and operating systems on the one hand and end-user applications on the other hand
MIMD
Multiple instruction, multiple data -- a type of architecture for parallel computers
MIPS
Million instructions per second
MMI
Man-machine interface
MPT
Ministry of Posts and Telecommunications (Japan)
MPEG
Moving Pictures Experts Group (develops standards for data compression)
MUD
Multiuser dungeon, or multiuser dimension, a real-time computer-based system often set within an imagined setting and configured as a set of rooms
NACSIS
National Center for Science Information Systems (Japan)
NEDO
New Energy Development and Industrial Technology Organization (Japan)
NII
National information infrastructure
NTT
Nippon Telephone and Telegraph
Psychophysics
Branch of psychology that deals with perception of physical stimuli such as light and sound
QWERTY keyboard
Common English-language keyboard, with letters Q, W, E, R, T, and Y comprising the upper left row of the letter pad
RISC
Reduced instruction set
RWC
Real World Computing Program (Japan)
SIMD
Single instruction multiple data -- a type of architecture for parallel computers
Smart set top box
TV cable control box with embedded computer to provide enhanced functionality (e.g., news-on-demand, child security, intelligent menus, etc.)
TN
Twisted nematic (type of flat panel display device)
Touch-screen
Display screen that is also an input device (sensitive to pointing with finger or stylus)
UDTV
Ultra-definition television
UIST
Annual conference on user interface software and technology
ULSI
Ultra large-scale integrated (circuits, devices)
UNIX
Computer operating system
Videophone
Telephone with video
VR
Virtual reality
WWW
World Wide Web (collection of hyperlinked information on the Internet that can be accessed via popular browsers such as Netscape and Mosaic)

Published: March 1996; WTEC Hyper-Librarian