George Gamota (Panel Chair)

George Gamota is President of Science and Technology Management Associates, a technology consulting firm specializing in technology assessments, research and technology policy, and small business development. Dr. Gamota also serves as Co-Principal Investigator to the JTEC/WTEC program, which assesses trends in international science and technology for the National Science Foundation (NSF), the Department of Commerce, the National Aeronautics and Space Administration, and various agencies of the Department of Defense. Dr. Gamota played a key role in the founding of the JTEC program in 1983 and has been involved in its management ever since.

Dr. Gamota previously served as the director of the Mitre Institute, Chief Scientist of the Mitre Corporation's Bedford Group, President of Thermo Electron Technologies Corporation, Professor of Physics and Director of the Institute of Science and Technology at the University of Michigan, Director for Research in the Office of the Secretary of Defense, Special Assistant to the President of Bell Laboratories, and member of the staff (MTS). He has also served as a consultant to Science Applications International Corporation (SAIC), Thermo Electron Corporation, the JMAR Technology Corporation, and the National Academy of Sciences Committee on International Security and Arms Control. He was the 1995 national chairman for the National Conference on the Advancement of Research, and served as its program chair in 1993.

Dr. Gamota holds a Ph.D. in physics from the University of Michigan (1966) and an M.S. (1963) and B.S. (1961) from the University of Minnesota.

Among the recognitions and awards Dr. Gamota has received are the Meritorious Civilian Service Award from the Department of Defense, a Certificate of Appreciation from the Presidential Management Interns, the Minority Technology Council of Michigan, the American Legion Award, Fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS), Fellow of the American Physical Society (APS), and senior member of the IEEE. He is the author of over 100 articles and the author or contributor to six books.

William E. Bentley

William Bentley is Director, Bioprocess Scaleup Facility, and Manager, Biotechnology Program, at the University of Maryland's Engineering Research Center. Dr. Bentley is also Associate Professor of Chemical Engineering at the University of Maryland, College Park; and in addition, is Associate Professor at the Center for Agricultural Biotechnology of the University's Biotechnology Institute. His research interests include metabolic engineering, structured metabolic modeling and bioreactor optimization, biodegradation, insect cell/baculovirus protein expression systems, and cellular stress responses.

Prior to his appointment at the University of Maryland, Dr. Bentley was with the International Paper Company, where he worked on alternative fuels and recovery process improvement.

Dr. Bentley holds a Ph.D. in chemical engineering from the University of Colorado at Boulder (1989), and M.Eng. (1983) and B.S. (1982) degrees (both in chemical engineering) from Cornell University.

The recognitions and awards received by Dr. Bentley include Dow Outstanding New Faculty Award from the American Society for Engineering Education (1995); 1993 Best Abstract Award (with D.M. Ramirez), Society of Industrial Microbiology; and Research Initiation Award (1990), National Science Foundation.

Dr. Bentley is the author or joint author of numerous articles in refereed publications, as well as conference proceedings and other non-refereed publications.

Professional activities include, among others, Member, NSF Small Business Innovation Research Panel, Division of Environmental Biology, NSF; Member, Executive Committee, Biochemical Technology Division, American Chemical Society; Advisory Board, CHEMTECH, published by the American Chemical Society; Session Chair, Biochemical Technology Division Poster Session, American Chemical Society Spring National Meeting, Anaheim, California, March 1995.

Rita R. Colwell

Prof. Colwell is currently President of the University of Maryland Biotechnology Institute. She is also a Professor of Microbiology at the University. Her research interests include biotechnology, microbial biodiversity, marine and estuarine microbial ecology, microbial systematics, marine microbiology (ecology, physiology, genetics, and fine structure of marine and estuarine bacteria), temperature and high-pressure effects on marine bacteria, microbial degradation, applications of computers in biology and medicine, and release of genetically engineered microorganisms.

Dr. Colwell has served the University of Maryland previously as Director of the Center of Marine Biotechnology, Director of the Maryland Biotechnology Institute, Vice President for Academic Affairs, Acting Director of the Center for Environmental and Estuarine Studies, and Director of the University of Maryland Sea Grant College. Before coming to the University of Maryland in 1972, Professor Colwell was at Georgetown University (Associate Professor of Biology with tenure, 1966-72; Assistant Professor of Biology, 1964-66), the National Research Council of Canada (Guest Scientist, 1961-63), and the University of Washington (Assistant Research Professor, 1961-64; Predoctoral Associate, 1959-60; and Research Assistant, 1957-58). Dr. Colwell served as a Member of the National Science Board of the National Science Foundation (a Presidential appointment) from 1984 to 1990 and from 1993 to 1994. She has also served on various special advisory panels for NSF, the Food and Drug Administration, the Environmental Protection Agency, the National Institutes of Health, the Department of Defense, and the United Nations.

Dr. Colwell received a Ph.D. from the University of Washington (1961), and an M.S. in Genetics (1958) and a B.S. (with Distinction) in Bacteriology (1956) from Purdue University. She has also received the following honorary degrees: Professor Extraordinario, Universidad Catolica de Valparaiso, Chile, 1976; D.Sc. (Hon.), Heriot-Watt University, Edinburgh, Scotland, 1987; Honorary Professor, The University of Queensland, Queensland, Australia, 1988; D.Sc. (Hon.), Hood College, Frederick, Maryland, 1991; D.Sc. (Hon.), Purdue University, West Lafayette, Indiana, 1993; and LL.D. (Hon.), College of Notre Dame of Maryland, 1994.

Prof. Colwell is a Member of Phi Beta Kappa, Sigma Delta Epsilon, and the Washington Academy of Sciences. She is currently Chairman of the Board of the AAAS (and served as its President in 1995), and is a Fellow of AAAS, the American Academy of Microbiology and the Canadian College of Microbiologists. She served on the Board of Governors of the Society for Industrial Microbiology (1976-79), the Board of Managers of the Washington Academy of Sciences (1976-79), and as Member (1970-85) and Chair (1980-81) of the Board of Trustees of the American Type Culture Collection. She was a Member of the Governing Boards of the American Institute of Biological Sciences (1987-82) and the Marine Technology Society (1980-86). She has served on the Editorial Boards of Microbial Ecology (1972-1990), Applied and Environmental Microbiology (1969-81), and Estuaries. She has also served in various editorial capacities with the Canadian Journal of Microbiology, the Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology, Microbial Ecology, Applied and Environmental Microbiology, and the World Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology. She was a member of the National Academy of Sciences Committee on Field Testing Genetically Modified Organisms (1989). She has been Chair of the U.S. National Committee of the International Union of Biological Sciences and Member of the General Committee and President of the International Congress of Systematic and Evolutionary Biology. She has held several offices in the International Union of Microbiological Societies (IUMS), including Secretary-Treasurer, Vice Chairman and Chairman of Bacteriology Division, and President. She is currently a member of the Executive Board of the International Council of Scientific Unions (ICSU), and has also been President of the American Society for Microbiology (ASM).

Dr. Colwell has received many awards, including the ASM Fisher Award, the ASM Alice Evans Award, the Alpha Chi Sigma Professional Service Award, the Society for Experimental Biology and Medicine Distinguished Scientist and Lecturer Award, and the National Commercial Company Research Award. She is author or editor of 16 books, has produced an award-winning film (Invisible Seas), and is author or coauthor of more than 400 papers and articles and approximately 400 published chapters, reports, and abstracts.

Paul J. Herer

Paul Herer currently serves as Senior Advisor for Planning and Technology Evaluation for the Directorate for Engineering at the National Science Foundation. He coordinates strategic and long-range planning, program development, budget preparation and defense, and R&D policy formulation. Mr. Herer also oversees an NSF program focused on assessing science, engineering and technology, which includes the Japanese Technology Evaluation Center (JTEC) and the Critical Technologies Institute, which supports White House science and technology policy analysis. Mr. Herer previously worked as a program analyst for the Strategic Systems Projects Office of the Department of the Navy. He has been a Department of Commerce Science and Technology Fellow and has served on long-term assignments to the White House Office of Management and Budget (OMB) and the Research Development Corporation of Japan (JRDC). Mr. Herer holds a B.A. degree in psychology and an M.B.A. degree from the University of Maine. He has written articles in several science and technology journals, most recently in IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology, July/August 1995. He has frequently served on government and private committees, panels and working groups. He is the recipient of numerous awards and honors. In June of 1995 he was awarded NSF's Meritorious Service Medal in recognition of his distinguished contributions in the areas of strategic planning and technology evaluation, which have significantly impacted the evolution and success of NSF's engineering programs.

David Kahaner

Dr. David K. Kahaner is the founder of the Asian Technology Information Program and is its Director. He was formerly the Associate Director of the U.S. Office of Naval Research Asia (ONR). Since 1979 he has also been co-employed at the U.S. National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) (formerly the National Bureau of Standards)

Dr. Kahaner has been examining information-rich technologies in Asia for a number of years. His analyses are circulated worldwide to thousands in industry, government, and academia. They are reprinted in many journals as well as often quoted in major news media, and he consults and lectures frequently on those topics both in and outside of the region. In 1993 he was awarded the title of "Mr. Asia" by Computerworld. He was the Asian Chair for Supercomputing 90-94 and is the International Relations Chair for Supercomputing 95. He was the originator and one of the organizers of the first HPC-Asia, held in Taipei in September 1995.

One of Dr. Kahaner's goals is to develop a technology-based information service focused on activities in the Asian region that will be of strategic and business value to both Westerners and Asians.

Dr. Kahaner obtained his Ph.D. in applied mathematics from Stevens Institute of Technology in 1968. From 1968 until 1979 he was at Los Alamos National Laboratory, and became responsible for mathematical software activities and library development as well as applications consulting. At NIST he was responsible for scientific software on both large and small computers. Many of the applications he and his group developed are used in scientific computing centers worldwide, and he has received several national awards for this work. Dr. Kahaner is the author of two well-known books and more than 50 refereed research papers. He has edited a column on scientific applications of computers for the Society of Industrial and Applied Mathematics, and has held numerous journal editorial and associate editorial positions in publications ranging from IEEE Micro, IEEE Computer Science and Engineering, the MIT Journal of Supercomputer Applications, and others. He has had visiting professorships at major universities in the United States, Austria, Italy, and Switzerland, where he has taken extensive sabbaticals and still maintains significant associations.

Tamami Kusuda

Dr. Tamami Kusuda is a private consultant in Japanese technology. Previously he served as consultant to the Japan Technology Program in the Technology Administration of the U.S. Department of Commerce. In this role, he assisted the director of the Japan Technology Program in carrying out the mandates of the Japanese Technical Literature Act of l986 to improve the availability of Japanese science and engineering literature in the United States. The Act calls for (1) monitoring Japanese technical activities and development, (2) consulting with business, professional societies and libraries, (3) acquiring and translating selected Japanese technical reports and documents, and (4) coordinating with other agencies and departments of the Federal Government that are engaged in acquiring and disseminating Japanese technical information to avoid duplication.

Using his engineering and research background and language skills, Dr. Kusuda was involved in all phases of these activities since the inception of the program in l987. He routinely reviewed selected reports of the Japanese government, Japanese technical newspapers, newsletters and technical reports published by the national laboratories and major companies. The information thus obtained was placed into the databases at NTIS (National Technical Information Service) and at the Japan Technology Program Office. Some noteworthy information was translated and published through the Japanese Technical Literature Bulletin, a quarterly publication of which Dr. Kusuda was the editor.

In addition, Dr. Kusuda consults with researchers and policymakers in federal agencies and the private sector seeking Japanese technical and scientific information by utilizing the information provided by the various databases of JICST (Japan Information Center for Science and Technology), NTIS, NK-Media, COMLINE, and others.

Previously, Dr. Kusuda worked at the Center for Building Technology of the National Bureau of Standards (currently the Building and Fire Research Laboratory at the National Institute of Standards and Technology) since l962 and retired in l986 as Chief of the Building Physics Division. He has published over 100 technical papers in the area of building environmental design and energy conservation and received the Silver (1972) and Gold (1980) medals of the U.S. Department of Commerce for his contribution to building energy analysis. He was a staff engineer at the Worthington Air-Conditioning Company during l955-1962, engaged in the development of advanced heat pumps.

Dr. Kusuda is a Fellow of the American Society of Heating, Refrigeration and Air-Conditioning Engineers and has received several awards, such as the William Holladay Distinguished Fellow Award in l987.

Dr. Kusuda is a graduate of the University of Tokyo (1947) and received his Ph.D. in mechanical engineering from the University of Minnesota in l955.

Jay Lee

Dr. Jay Lee is Program Director of the Engineering Education and Centers Division at the National Science Foundation (NSF). He jointly manages fifty Industry/University Cooperative Research Centers (I/UCRC) in fourteen different technological areas and three Engineering Research Centers (ERCs) in the manufacturing area. He also serves as a Program Director for the Division of Design, Manufacture, and Industrial Innovation. He recently returned from a six-month tour of duty in Japan as an STA Fellow, where he worked at MITI's Mechanical Engineering Lab in Tsukuba.

Before joining the NSF, Dr. Lee was Program Director, Office of Advanced Technology, at the U.S. Postal Service. He directed and managed R&D in the areas of material handling automation system, adaptive robotics, high-speed sorting machines, intelligent diagnostics, machine vision, high-speed image processing, neural networks, simulation, and computer-integrated factory technologies through contracted research programs with the University of Pennsylvania, Purdue University, SRI, GE/RCA, David Sarnoff Lab., IBM, AT&T, Westinghouse, Hughes, ERIM, and other firms.

Prior to joining the USPS, he was program manager, precision motion systems, at ANORAD Corporation (a company invested by the Ford Motor Co.). He led a group and developed several revolutionary motion control technologies including hybrid linear/rotary drive spindle for high-speed drilling of engine blocks for Ford (Ford's Factory of the Future Project), a piezo-based compensation device for positioning table in semiconductor manufacturing for IBM, and an optical turbine blade inspection technique for GE. From 1984 to 1987, he was robotics group leader for Robotics Vision Systems, Inc. (RVSI) -- an automation R&D and system integration company invested by General Motors. Prior to this, he was N/C engineer for Fenn Manufacturing Co., the aerospace division of AMCA International. He worked with a variety of CNC machine tools and was involved in the installation of an adaptive control system for tool wear monitoring.

Dr. Lee received his B.S. in Taiwan and holds an M.S. degree in Mechanical Engineering from the University of Wisconsin-Madison, an M.S. degree in Industrial Management from the State University of New York at Stony Brook, and a D.Sc. degree in Mechanical Engineering from the George Washington University. During 1986-87, he served as part- time lecturer for the State University of New York at Stony Brook, the Polytechnic University of New York and the New York Institute of Technology. Currently, he is an adjunct professor at the Johns Hopkins University-Applied Physics Lab.

Dr. Lee pioneered several robotics technologies and holds three patents in the area of automation. He has over fifty publications (40 single-authored papers) in international journals, magazines, conference proceedings, and book chapters. In addition, he serves as editor or coeditor for a number of international journals and books. He is a certified manufacturing engineer and a licensed professional engineer. In 1992, he received the Outstanding Young Manufacturing Engineer Award from the Society of Manufacturing Engineers (SME). He served as the Chairman of the Material Handling Engineering Division of ASME during 1992-1994 and is a member of the executive committee of the Production Engineering Division (1995-2000) of ASME. His current research work is focused on the neural networks-based intelligent manufacturing system and remote manufacturing methodology.

John M. Rowell

Dr. John M. Rowell is a consultant to the superconductivity industry. He was until recently Vice President and Chief Technical Officer of Conductus, Inc., of Sunnyvale, California.

He has over 30 years of experience in physics, materials, and superconductivity research carried out in the laboratories of the Bell System and at Conductus. He joined Bell Laboratories in 1961 and soon afterwards (with P.W. Anderson) made the first observation of the Josephson effect and demonstrated the magnetic field sensitivity of the Josephson current. He holds the first patent granted for an application of the Josephson effect, in which he proposed both magnetic field and current-induced switching for digital applications. With W.L. McMillan, he developed superconducting tunneling spectroscopy, a measurement technique that determines in detail the electron-phonon interaction that causes superconductivity, at least in low-Tc materials. His work on superlattices of Nb and Al with J. Geerk led him to suggest that a thin Al layer on thick Nb would create a good tunnel junction. This was demonstrated with M. Gurvitch and M. Washington and is now the basic trilayer process of all low-Tc Josephson electronics and instrumentation.

Dr. Rowell held a series of management positions at Bell Laboratories, and became Director of the Chemical Physics Laboratory in 1981. Shortly before the divestiture of AT&T in 1984, he joined Bell Communications Research (Bellcore) as Assistant Vice President for Solid State Science and Technology. He was responsible for guiding the growth of this laboratory from scratch, with respect to both personnel and facilities. The technical programs of the laboratory included materials research, optoelectronics, optical switching, high-speed electronics, and the high-Tc superconductivity program that contributed at the forefront of the field in the years following 1986.

Dr. Rowell holds a Ph.D. (1961), an M.A. (1961), and a B.A. (1957) in physics from Oxford University.

Dr. Rowell received the Fritz London Memorial Low-Temperature Physics Prize in 1978 for his work in tunneling and superconductivity. He is a Fellow of the American Physical Society and was elected Fellow of the Royal Society in 1989. He was elected a member of the National Academy of Sciences in 1994 and a member of the National Academy of Engineering in 1995. He is author or coauthor of over 90 publications and holds 6 patents.

Leo Young

Dr. Leo Young has served as Consultant to the Director for Defense Research and Engineering (DDR&E) of the U.S. Department of Defense since retiring from DDR&E in February 1994. He also is a Member of the Board of Directors of Filtronic-Comtek, Ltd. (U.K.). Previously, Dr. Young served as Staff Specialist and Director for Research and Laboratory Management at ODDR&E. In this capacity, he was responsible for preparing the Congressionally-mandated Department of Defense Critical Technologies Plan and served as DOD representative on interagency committees tasked with preparing the National Critical Technologies Report for the Office of Science and Technology Policy in the Executive Office of the President. Prior to that, Dr. Young served as Associate Superintendent of the Electronics Division of the U.S. Naval Research Laboratory, as Program Manager and Senior Scientist at the Stanford Research Institute (SRI), and as Advisory Engineer at Westinghouse Electric Corporation. He chaired NSF's first Engineering Advisory Committee. While at SRI he consulted for many companies on microwave engineering topics. He has served on advisory boards of the University of California, the Johns Hopkins University, and MIT.

Dr. Young holds a doctorate in engineering from the Johns Hopkins University (1959) as well as an M.A. (1950), a B.A. in physics (1947), and a B.A. in mathematics (1945) from Cambridge University, England.

He served as a member of the U.S. National Committee of the International Union of Radio Science (URSI) and of several URSI scientific committees. He was twice Distinguished Lecturer at a summer course at Leeds University; visiting professor at the Israel Institute of Technology; and NATO/AGARD lecturer at the Marconi Institute, Bologna University. Dr. Young is a Fellow of the Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers (IEEE). Among the many IEEE awards he has received are the Microwave Prize (1963), the Citation of Honor (1978), the Distinguished Service Award (1979), the Centennial Award (1984), and the Microwave Career Award (1988). He has been elected to numerous IEEE offices, among them: President of the Microwave Society (1969), Member of the Board of Directors (four times), and President and Chairman of the Board (1980). Dr. Young received the Naval Research Laboratory Outstanding Performance Award (1977), a Letter of Appreciation from Secretary of Defense Caspar Weinberger (1984), and Senior Executive Service Bonus Awards (1984, 1989, 1990). He became Fellow (1980) and Patron (1994) of the AAAS and served on the Board of Governors of the American Association of Engineering Societies (1980). Dr. Young is a founding member of the National Academy of Sciences/National Academy of Engineering Government-University-Industry Research Roundtable. He has published more than 100 technical papers, holds 22 patents, and has authored or edited 14 books, one of which he coauthored with his wife.

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Published: September 1996; WTEC Hyper-Librarian