Materials and Environmental Concerns - Printed Wiring Boards

PWB fabrication


PWB (board-level) assembly


Product materials: Ceramic, epoxy-glass, or other polymers;Cu, Pd, Pb, Au
EBM Issues: Water, energy, flame retardants, Pb finishes,plating solutions


Product materials: Pb/Sn
EBM Issues: Energy, Pb


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Published July 13, 2000; WTEC Workshop on Environmentally Benign Manufacturing (EBM) Technologies