PPT Slide


• Focus on toxic releasesand risk minimization
• Industrial response toenvironmental concernshighlyvariable
• Infrastructure is a free-enterprise activity
• Emphasis on tying to costand business strategies

European Union
• Focus on take-back, land-fill minimization, and controlof toxic materials
• Taxation of emissions,energy, and consumption
• Regulation of productsand industries rather thanmedium(air, water, soil)

• Focus on solid waste,energy, and CO2 emissions
• DFE, LCA, EBM part ofconcurrent engineering
• Material and energyinventories a priority
• High level of industry andpublic awareness

Highlights by Study Region

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Published July 13, 2000; WTEC Workshop on Environmentally Benign Manufacturing (EBM) Technologies