System thinking is extremely important, but equally difficult.
Use-economy thinking will increase emphasis onmanufacturing-remanufacturing cycle.
More and more LCAs are performed, but validity, repeatability,comparability, and even usefulness are still a huge problem.
Integration of environmental assessments with "regular" business andengineering tools still not achieved.
Emerging "out-of-the-box" thinking in terms of using natural materials andsymbiotic relationships.
All this affects DFE, which needs better tools, exposure, and integrationitself (across supply-chain/value-chain/life-cycle).
No magic silver bullets (software or hardware).
Published July 13, 2000; WTEC Workshop on Environmentally Benign Manufacturing (EBM) Technologies