End-of-Life issues are considered to be very important.
Both Europe and Japan are developing and implementing product take-backlegislation as we speak.
These cannot and will not be turned back.
Take-back and recycling process issues affect manufacturing
- Types of materials
- Product configuration design
Recycling also causes environmental impact.
- Transportation, facilities construction and operation, etc.
Incineration considered to be a viable option in Japan and Europe (newproblem: Europe has over-capacity)
Published July 13, 2000; WTEC Workshop on Environmentally Benign Manufacturing (EBM) Technologies