Environmentally Benign Manufacturing (EBM) Technologies

Biographies of the Panel Members

Name: Dr. Timothy G. Gutowski (Panel Chair)

Address: Professor of Mechanical Engineering
Director, Laboratory for Manufacturing and Productivity
Massachusetts Institute of Technology
77 Massachusetts Avenue, Room 35-234
Cambridge, MA 02139

Dr. Timothy G. Gutowski is a Professor of Mechanical Engineeringand Director of the Laboratory for Manufacturing and Productivity (LMP) at theMassachusetts Institute of Technology. The LMP is responsible for manufacturingdevelopment, including manufacturing process and system design, control,analysis and optimization. He has also been Director of the MIT-IndustryComposites and Polymer Processing Program, 1984-93, and is currently theCo-Lead of Factory Operations for the MIT Lean Aircraft Initiative.

Dr. Gutowski has over 100 technical publications, including sevenpatents, in such areas as advanced composites processing, polymer processing,new process development, design for manufacturing, cost estimating, physicalchemistry, and acoustics and vibration. He and his students have developedseveral new processes for the forming of advanced composites for aerospaceapplications. He has also developed new theories for the consolidation ofcomposites and the mapping of fiber assemblies onto complex shapes. His mostrecent book, Advanced Composites Manufacturing, was published by JohnWiley in 1997. Dr. Gutowski is the North American Editor for the internationaljournal Composites, Part A Applied Science and Manufacturing, and he isan Associate Editor for the Journal of Manufacturing Systems.

He held the Alcoa Professorship at MIT from 1985 to 1992, and in1989 was named an MIT Leader for Manufacturing Professor.

Name: Cynthia F. Murphy (Panel Co-chair)

Address: Research Scientist, Center for Energy and EnvironmentalResources
University of Texas at Austin (R7100)
10100 Burnet Road., Bldg. 133
Austin, TX 78758

Ms. Murphy is currently a research scientist at the Center forEnergy and Environmental Resources, University of Texas at Austin. She has beenthe Principal Investigator for two projects attempting to advance electronicproducts recycling in the context of an eco-industrial park. The focus of bothprojects is to evaluate material streams associated with these products,including metals, thermoplastics, and leaded glass. This is being done throughthe development of activity-based process and logistics models that addresscost, quality, and environmental metrics. She is also the PrincipalInvestigator for an NSF/EPA project in cooperation with Motorola and SEMATECHto develop generic LCI modules for the semiconductor industry.

Prior to joining the University of Texas, Ms. Murphy was a SeniorMember of Technical Staff and Project Leader in Environmental Programs at theMicroelectronics and Computer Technology Corp. (MCC) in Austin, TX. She was theproject manager and/or technical lead on numerous projects at MCC, including"Making Design for Environment and Life-cycle Assessment Work," and"Revolutionary Environmental Manufacture of Printed Wiring Boards," a $7.3million project involving six industry partners. In addition, she contributedto the Electronic Products Environmental Roadmap (1996). Ms. Murphy has 10years of experience in the area of cost-modeling, process-modeling, andmaterials inventory modeling for the purpose of performing tradeoff analysesand optimization for various sectors of the electronics industry. Herbackground includes manufacture and test of semiconductors and printed wiringboards, and advanced electronic packaging and assembly technologies.

Ms. Murphy’s research interests include design forenvironment, life-cycle assessment, environmentally conscious manufacturing,process modeling of manufacturing processes, and economic and environmentaltradeoff analyses. She has numerous publications.

Name: Dr. David T. Allen

Address: Henry Beckman Professor in Chemical Engineering
University of Texas at Austin
Chemical Engineering Bldg., 3.462
Austin, TX 78712-1062

Dr. David Allen is Beckman Professor of Chemical Engineering andDirector of the Center for Energy and Environmental Resources at the Universityof Texas at Austin. Prior to joining the faculty at the University of Texas,Dr. Allen was Professor and Chairman of the Chemical Engineering Department atthe University of California, Los Angeles. His research interests lie inenvironmental reaction engineering, particularly issues related to air qualityand pollution prevention. He is the author of three books and over 100 papersin these areas, and the quality of his research has been recognized by theNational Science Foundation through the Presidential Young Investigator Awardand the AT&T Foundation through an award in Industrial Ecology. Dr. Allenis also active in developing pollution prevention education materials forengineering curricula, and his teaching has been recognized through UCLA'sExcellence in Engineering Teaching Award.

Dr. Allen received his BS degree in Chemical Engineering, withdistinction, from Cornell University in 1979. His MS and PhD degrees inChemical Engineering were awarded by the California Institute of Technology in1981 and 1983. He has held visiting faculty appointments at the CaliforniaInstitute of Technology and the Department of Energy.

Name: Dr. Diana J. Bauer

Address: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
National Center for Environmental Research (NCER)
1200 Pennsylvania Ave., N.W., 8722R
Washington, DC 20460

Dr. Diana Bauer is currently serving as a AAAS Fellow at theEnvironmental Projection Agency in Washington, DC. She received her PhD inmechanical engineering with a specialization in environmentally consciousdesign and manufacturing from UC Berkeley in 1999. Before returning to graduateschool she spent several years in industry, first developing computer models inthe Systems and Design Integration Group at Foster Miller, Inc., and laterconceptualizing new CAD product ideas in the Product Planning Group atParametric Technology Corporation. She has also lived and traveled extensivelyin Asia, including two months in 1998 based at MEL in Tsukuba researchingJapanese industry and the environment. Her research interests includeprocess-level environmental evaluation of manufacturing, tools to supportenvironmental decision making in design and manufacturing, and internationalcomparisons of environmentally conscious design and manufacturing activitiesand motivations.

Name: Dr. Bert Bras

Address: Associate Professor
Georgia Institute of Technology
The George W. Woodruff School of Mechanical Engineering
Systems Realization Laboratory
Atlanta, GA 30332-0405

Dr. Bert Bras has been Associate Professor at the George W.Woodruff School of Mechanical Engineering at the Georgia Institute ofTechnology since September 1992. His research focus is on environmentallyconscious design and manufacturing, design for de- and remanufacture,activity-based life-cycle assessments, and industrial ecology. His primaryresearch interest is how to reduce the environmental impact of companies whileincreasing their competitiveness, i.e., how to promote sustainable development.He has received funding and donations from the National Science Foundation, theGeorgia Research Alliance, the Center for Sustainable Technology, AT&T,Motorola, Ford Electronics, the Army Environmental Policy Institute, andDaimlerChrysler for his research. He has authored and co-authored over 60publications. He has developed and taught an undergraduate course onEnvironmentally Conscious Design & Manufacturing since 1993 and hasdeveloped a curriculum in Sustainable Development with colleagues from otherengineering schools and public policy. He also taught segments of a NationalCenter for Advanced Technologies (NCAT) short course on Integrated Product andProcess Development for the Army and for the U.S. Navy. He has won GeorgiaTech’s 1995 Amoco and Center for Enhancement of Teaching and LearningYoung Faculty Teaching Award, was named the 1996 Engineer of the Year inEducation by the Georgia Society of Professional Engineers, and received a NSFYoung Faculty Career Award in 1996, and a Society of Automotive Engineers RalphR. Teetor Award in 1999.

Dr. Bras obtained his Master of Science ("Ingenieur") degree inMechanical Engineering from the University of Twente, The Netherlands, inAugust 1987. After completion of his MS thesis he was hired as a full timeresearch associate at the Maritime Research Institute Netherlands’ (MARIN)Design Research Department and sponsored by MARIN to complete PhD study in theU.S. He obtained his Doctor of Philosophy degree in Operations Research fromthe University of Houston in May 1992. Upon completion of his PhD, he receiveda Post-Doctoral grant from the Institute of Space Systems and Operations at theUniversity of Houston.

Name: Dr. Thomas S. Piwonka

Address: Director, Metal Casting Technology Center
University of Alabama
106 Bevill Building, P.O. Box 870201
Tuscaloosa, AL 35487

Dr. Piwonka is Director of the Metal Casting Technology Centerand Acting Director of the Marine Transportation Center at the University ofAlabama in Tuscaloosa, AL. Prior to joining the university, Dr. Piwonka spent25 years in the metalcasting industry, at the General Motors Corporation,Kelsey-Hayes Corp, and TRW Inc. He has held a variety of positions in the castmetals industry, ranging from production engineer to research director. He is agraduate of Case-Western Reserve University, and received his advanced degreesfrom the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.

Dr. Piwonka is a member of the American Foundrymen’sSociety, The Minerals, Metals and Materials Society, ASM International, and theInvestment Casting Institute. He is a member of the Advisory TechnicalAwareness Council of ASM International, is on the Editorial Board of theInternational Journal of Cast Metals Research, and was on the editorialboard of Metals Handbook, Desk Edition—Second Edition. He hasauthored more than 80 technical papers on foundry technology and has sevenpatents in the field of metal casting. He is a member of the Process Design& Modeling, Aerospace Structural Casting, Aluminum Gating and Risering,Mold-Metal Interface and Green Sand Committees, and the Steel Division at AFS,and is Program Manager for the Thin Wall Iron Casting Program at AFS, and theMaritime Administration’s High Speed Sealift Program.

Dr. Piwonka’s research interests include alloysolidification, non-ferrous foundry processes, manufacturing processing ofsuperalloys, mold making science and technology and manufacturing systems. Heteaches courses in non-ferrous metalcasting, high temperature alloys, materialsprocessing and powder metallurgy.

Name: Dr. Paul Sheng

Address: Associate Principal
McKinsey and Co., Inc.
111 Congress Avenue, Suite 2100
Austin, TX 78701

Dr. Paul Sheng has recently moved to a position with McKinsey & Company, from his previous post at UC Berkeley. His research interests are in environmentally conscious processingand planning, particularly in machining and electronics manufacturing. He hasco-authored over 90 journal and conference publications on environment andmanufacturing topics. Dr. Sheng is the recipient of the Office of NavalResearch Young Investigator Award, Society of Manufacturing Engineering YoungEngineer Award, NAMRI Outstanding Paper Award, Japan-USA Flexible AutomationYoung Investigator Award, and the Lucent Technology Industrial Ecology FacultyFellowship. He is currently a corresponding member of the CIRP.

Dr. Sheng received his SB, SM and PhD degrees in mechanicalengineering from MIT. Prior to joining the faculty at Berkeley, he served asSr. Project Engineer on the Advanced Manufacturing Staff of General MotorsCorporation.

Name: Dr. John W. Sutherland

Address: Professor, Dept. of Mechanical Engineering-EngineeringMechanics
Michigan Technological University
815 R.L. Smith ME-EM Building
1400 Townsend Drive
Houghton, MI 49931-1295

Dr. John W. Sutherland is presently Professor and Associate Chairin the Dept. of ME-EM at Michigan Technological University. He received his BS,MS, and PhD degrees from the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign.Previously, he held an adjunct faculty position at the University of Illinoisand served as a manufacturing consultant. He has published over 100 technicalpapers in various journals and conference proceedings. He is a member of theBoard of Directors and the Scientific Committee of the North AmericanManufacturing Research Institution of SME, and serves on the ExecutiveCommittee of ASME's Manufacturing Engineering Division. Professor Sutherlandhas received numerous teaching awards, SME's Outstanding Young ManufacturingEngineer Award (1992), Presidential Early Career Award for Scientists andEngineering (1996), and SAE's Ralph R. Teetor Award (1999).

Name: Dr. Deborah L. Thurston

Address: Professor of General Engineering
Director, Decision Systems Laboratory
Department of General Engineering
University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
117 Transportation Building
104 South Mathews Avenue
Urbana, IL 61801

Dr. Deborah L. Thurston is Director of the Decision SystemsLaboratory at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, where sheconducts research in multiobjective engineering design decision making. She isa Professor of General Engineering, and also holds appointments in the Civiland Environmental Engineering Department, and in the Mechanical and IndustrialEngineering Department.

The focus of her research is on developing new methods forintegrating environmental impacts, production costs, product performance andquality into concurrent design and manufacturing analysis. She has publishedover 70 technical papers. Her research has been funded by the National ScienceFoundation, Chrysler, General Motors, Ford, Motorola, Hayes-Lemmerz,Hewlett-Packard, Sun, Armstrong World Industries, Prefinish Metals, Nestle,Illinois Department of Natural Resources, and EPRI.

She received the prestigious Presidential Young InvestigatorAward from the National Science Foundation in 1989, the Xerox Award forexcellence in engineering research in 1992 and 1995, three awards forexcellence in undergraduate advising, and a 1994 Best Paper of the Year Awardfor The Engineering Economist. Professor Thurston currently serves as anArea Editor for The Engineering Economist, and as past AssociateTechnical Editor in Design Theory and Methodology for the Transactions of theAmerican Society of Mechanical Engineers: Journal of Mechanical Design.She is a registered professional engineer and a member of ASEE, ASME, IEEE andIIE.

She earned the MS and PhD degrees from the MassachusettsInstitute of Technology (MIT) in 1984 and 1987, respectively. After obtainingthe BS degree in Civil Engineering from the University of Minnesota in 1978,she worked for the Minnesota Pollution Control Agency for four years.

Name: Dr. Egon E. Wolff

Address: Director, International Materials and ComponentResearch
Caterpillar Inc.
Technical Center, Bldg. K, P. O. Box 1875
Peoria, IL 61656-1875

Egon Wolff’s career at Caterpillar started in 1967 as aProject Engineer for large off-highway vehicles. He served as a TechnicalResources and Development Manager in the United States and Brazil before takingthe position as Director, International Materials and Component Research.

His work focuses on developing and acquiring emergingtechnologies from universities and institutions, research funded by agencies ofgovernment, and through the creation of technology ventures. He has formedpartnerships with more than 20 international institutions and specificallyfocused on technology transfer as a means to improve the discovery process forincreased implementation. He earned degrees in Materials Science andEngineering in Germany and is a Professor for Engineering and Technology atBradley University.

Biographies of Other Team Members

Name: Delcie R. Durham, Ph.D., PE

Address: Program Director, Design and Manufacturing ResearchGroup
National Science Foundation
4201 Wilson Blvd., Room 565
Arlington, VA 22230

Dr. Durham is Program Director for the Materials Processing andManufacturing Program in the Engineering Directorate at the National ScienceFoundation. This program sponsors research in novel materials processing,including nanotechnologies, microfabrication, and plasma deposition processes.The program also funds research in modeling and simulation of netshapeprocesses such as casting, forming, polymer composites and thin films forpredictability and improved productivity. Many of the awards are directedtowards environmentally conscious manufacturing. Dr. Durham is on leave fromthe University of Vermont where she is Associate Professor of MechanicalEngineering and Materials Science, and where she served as Dean of the GraduateCollege. Dr. Durham has served on the Board of the North American ManufacturingResearch Institute of the Society of Manufacturing Engineers, includingPresident in 1995. She is a member of the American Society of MechanicalEngineers, and is currently a member of the Executive Committee of theManufacturing Engineering Division. Dr. Durham is a registered ProfessionalEngineer in the State of Vermont and has worked as a consultant for numerousindustries.

Name: Mr. Hiroshi Morishita

Address: HMI Corporation
Matsudo Paresu 1002
35-2 Koyama
Matsudo 271, JAPAN

Hiroshi Morishita, President, HMI Corporation, specializes inultra-micro manipulation technology for MEMS (microelectromechanical systems).He founded HMI Corporation in 1991 to commercialize his ultra-micro manipulatorsystem. He extended his interest and business to the field of archaeologicalexcavating and to the new robot manipulator system to help bed-ridden persons.In 1994, he became a consultant to WTEC panel members concerning their studytours in Japan. He graduated from the University of Tokyo (BA, MA, mechanicalengineering), and is in the final stage of preparing his doctoral thesis. Hewas a visiting researcher in the Mechanical Engineering Department in 1992 and1993 and at RCAST (the Research Center for Advanced Science and Technology) atthe University of Tokyo in 1994 and 1995.

Name: K.P. Rajurkar

Address: Program Director, Manufacturing Machines & Equipment Group
National Science Foundation
4201 Wilson Blvd., Room 565
Arlington, VA 22230

Dr. K.P. Rajurkar is Program Director for the ManufacturingMachines & Equipment Program in the Engineering Directorate at the NationalScience Foundation. He received his B.S. degree with honors from JabalpurUniversity, India. He received his M.S. and Ph.D. degrees from MichiganTechnological University in 1978 and 1982, respectively.

Dr. Rajurkar is the founder of the Center for NontraditionalManufacturing Research of the College of Engineering and Technology, Universityof Nebraska-Lincoln. In the past he has worked as Associate Professor at theUniversity of Nebraska-Lincoln and as Assistant Professor at MichiganTechnological University. Dr. Rajurkar is a member of the ASME, SME and acorresponding member of CIRP. Dr. Rajurkar serves as a reviewer for severalprofessional journals including Trans. ASME, Journal of Manufacturing Scienceand Engineering; Trans. ASME, Journal of Engineering Materials and Technology;the ASM Journal of Shaping Technology; International Journal ofElectro-Machining; Wear; and others. Dr. Rajurkar served as an Associate Editorof the ASME Journal of Engineering for Industry and Chairman of the ScientificCommittee of the NAMRI/SME. He is the President-Elect of the North AmericanManufacturing Research Institute of SME.

Dr. Rajurkar has more than 90 refereed publications and nearly100 technically edited papers which were published in conference proceedings.He has authored many technical reports and has made several unpublishedpresentations. Dr. Rajurkar has participated in numerous seminars, workshops,and curricular/lab development activities. He has been successful in attractingresearch grants from NSF, NIST/ATP, DOD, GEAE, Extrude Hone, Brush Wellman,Cummins Engines, NCMS, Mitsubishi Electric Corporation (Japan), Trans Tec Inc.(England), State of Nebraska, and other sponsors. He has received College ofEngineering and Technology Awards for research and teaching. He also hasreceived the ASME Blackall Machine Tool and Gage Award for a paper on PulseElectrochemical Machining. Recently his patent on cryogenically cooled toolmachining has been approved.

His areas of teaching experience include undergraduate andgraduate courses in Manufacturing Methods and Processes, Metal Cutting Theoryand Practice, Nontraditional Manufacturing Methods, Computer AidedManufacturing, Numerical Control and Automation, Robotics, Applied OperationResearch, Production Planning, Statics, Dynamics, Strength of Materials,Statistical Experimental Design, and Modeling of Manufacturing Processes andSystems.

Name: Dr. A. Frederick Thompson, PE

Address: Program Director, Environmental Technology
National Science Foundation
4201 Wilson Blvd., Room 565
Arlington, VA 22230

Fred Thompson joined The National Science Foundation (NSF) in1997 after 28 years in the environmental consulting and construction industry.He has broad experience in all phases of environmental engineering andmanagement, and his activities have included all media, including air, water,wastewater, and solid and hazardous wastes. He has been a consultant toindustry and to municipal, state and federal government agencies as they solvedexisting environmental problems or established programs and plans to avoidfuture pollution. His experience includes a three-year assignment in Milan,Italy, where he served industrial clients throughout Europe. Dr. Thompsonearned his BS in Engineering Science from the Pennsylvania State University(1963) and his MS (1965) and Ph.D. (1968) in Environmental Health Engineeringfrom the California Institute of Technology. He is a registered professionalengineer in Pennsylvania, Maryland and Virginia.

At NSF, he directs the Environmental Technology element of theEnvironmental/Ocean Systems Program in the Division of Bioengineering andEnvironmental Systems. This program element focuses on technologies to preventthe formation and discharge of pollutants and to avoid environmental harm.