In Japan, the stage is nearly complete for the production of FPDs through the end of the 1990s. No technical or manufacturing activity has been announced in the rest of the world that may significantly alter the direction that the Japanese displays industry is taking. The LC FPD industry is now orders of magnitude ahead of the other FPD technologies. The research, development, and production activities in Japan are so focused on LCD technology that funding for advancing EL, plasma, and other FPD technologies is diminishing. We are clearly in a new age in the evolution of FPDs, and, in Japan, LCDs are perceived as clearly being the leading technology. The cost and complexity of the new a-Si LCD factory are so extensive that the machines of the next generation of larger size will not be attempted until the present generation of machines have completely proven out and been paid for.