APPENDIX C. GLOSSARY

a-Si
amorphous silicon
a-Si TFT
amorphous silicon thin-film transistor
AGV
automated guided vehicle
ALCOM
advanced liquid crystalline optical materials
AM
active matrix
AMLCD
active matrix liquid crystal display
Anisotropy
directionally dependent
APCVD
atmospheric pressure chemical vapor deposition
Birefringence
having an index of refraction that is different for different polarization of light
Bistable
stable in two conditions
CCD
charge coupled device
CDT
color display tubes
CF
color filters
Chiral
material with either a left or right handed helical arrangement.
CMOS
complementary metal oxide semiconductor
CPT
color picture tubes
CRT
cathode-ray tube
DBS
direct broadcast satellite
DI
deionized
DTI
Display Technologies Inc. (joint venture company by Toshiba and IBM)
ECB
electrically controlled birefringence
EDTV
extended definition television
EL
electroluminescence
Electrodeposition
deposited electrically
ES
engineering services
Ferroelectric
material possessing spontaneous electric polarization
FID
field induction drain
FLC
ferroelectric chiral smectic
FLCD
ferroelectric LCDs
FPDs
flat-panel displays
FPS
frames per second
fps
fields per second
GTC
Giant Technology Corporation
HDTEC
High Definition Television Engineering Corporation
HDTV
high definition television
Homeotropic
liquid crystal uniformity aligned in a direction perpendicular to the planar substrate
HT
high tilt
ISDB
integrated services digital broadcasting
JKTC
Japan Key Technology Center
JSPS
Japan Society for the Promotion of Science
LC
liquid crystal
LCD
liquid crystal displays
LCM
liquid crystal modules
LDD
lightly doped drain
Lenticles
an array of small lenses
Liquid Crystals
states of matter in which the molecules are orientationally ordered but incompletely spatially ordered
LPCVD
low pressure chemical vapor deposition
LSI
large-scale integration
MBBA
(4-n-methoxybenzylidene-4'n-butylaniline)
Microlens
very small lenses
MIM
metal-insulator-metal
MITI
Ministry of International Trade and Industry
MOE
Ministry of Education, Science, and Culture
Monotropic
a liquid crystalline phase which is observed only upon cooling the sample
MOS
metal-oxide semiconductor
MPT
Ministry of Posts and Telecommunications
Multiplexing
switching between two or more locations
NCAP
name given to liquid crystal/polymer dispersions manufactured by the Raychem Corporation
NCIPT
National Center for Integrated Photonic Technology
Nematic
liquid crystalline phase with no spatial ordering of the molecules
NTT
Nippon Telephone and Telegraph
OIS
optical imaging systems
PCM
pulse code modulation
PDLC
polymer-dispersed liquid crystals
PDP
plasma display panels
PECVD
plasma enhanced chemical vapor deposition
Photolithography
use of optically-exposed photoresist masks to produce patterns
Photopolymerization
light induced polymerization
PLC
polymer liquid crystals
p-Si
polycrystalline silicon
RGBG
red, green, blue, green pixel pattern
RGBW
red, green blue & white pixel pattern
RODIC
the name of a Japanese company formed as a joint venture between Dainippon Ink and Hoffmann LaRoche
SEM
scanning electron microscope
SEMI
Semiconductor Equipment and Materials Institute
SFT
superthin film transistor
Smectic
a liquid crystalline phase where the molecules are arranged in layers
STN
supertwisted nematic
TFEL
thin film electro-luminescent displays
TFT
thin-film transistor
TN
twisted nematic
TPM
total productive maintenance
VGA
video graphic adapters
VLSI
very large scale integration
VTR
video tape recorder

Published: June 1992; WTEC Hyper- Librarian