Advanced Liquid Crystalline Optical Materials (ALCOM). 1991. ALCOM Annual Report. Kent State University, Kent, OH.

------. 1992. ALCOM Annual Report. Kent State University, Kent, OH.

Anisimov, M.A., et al. 1990. Phys. Rev. 41A:6749.

Berreman, D. 1972. "Solid Surface Shape and Alignment of an Adjacent Nematic Liquid Crystal." Phys. Rev. Lett. 28:1683-1686.

Berreman, D.W., and T.J. Scheffer. 1970. "Reflection and Transmission by Single-Domain Cholesteric Liquid Crystal Films: Theory and Verification." Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 11:395-405. Blinov, L.M., and V.G. Chigrinov. 1994. Electro-optical Properties of Liquid Crystalline Materials. Springer-Verlag, N.J. Publishers.

Blinov, L.M. 1983. Electro-optical and Magneto-Optical Properties of Liquid Crystals. New York: John Wiley and Sons Ltd.

Brand, H.R. 1989. Makromol. Chem. Rapid Commun. 10:441.

Bush, K. 1994. RFE/RL, Inc. Courtesy of Radio Liberty, RFE/RL Daily Report No. 25, 7 Feb. From research!smarty.ece.jhu! INFO- RUSS-request Mon Feb 7 22:01:34 1994.

Chandler, A. 1990. "The Enduring Logic of Industrial Success." Harvard Business Review. Mar.- Apr.:130.

Chystiakov, I.G. 1967. Soviet Physics Uspekii. 9:551.

Dambrot, S.M. 1990. The Japan Times Weekly International Edition 12-18 Nov. Einhorn, C.S. 1994. "Commodities Corner: Is Jesse Helms Helping Boris Yeltsin." Barrons 7 Feb.

Frankevich, E.L., and A.A. Lymarev. 1992. "Electron Delocalization Length in Organic Semiconductors and Magnetic Field Effect." Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 218:103- 108.

Freedericksz, V. and V. Zolina. 1933. Trans. Faraday. Soc., 29, 919.

Inokuchi, H. 1992. "Novel Organic Semiconductors." Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 218:269-270.

Journal of Electronic Engineering. 1993. "TechWatch" (No Author). Dempa Publications, Inc., New York, NY. December:16.

Kaneko, E. 1992. Freiburger Arbeitstagung Flussigkristalle. The 21st Freiburg Liquid Crystal Workshop.

Kelker, H. 1973. Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 21:1.

Kurokawa, K. 1992. "Display Devices and Technical Innovations." Japan Display 1992, Proceedings of the 12th International Display Research Conference.

Landau, L.D., and E.M. Lifshitz. 1986. "Theory of Elasticity." In Landau and Lifshitz Course of Theoretical Physics 7. Oxford: Pergamon Press.

Larimer, J., D. Berreman, W. den Boer, J. Gille, J. Lanham, D. Loomis, J. Lubin, B. Marks, R. Martin, J. Morrissey, R. Peterson, A. Pica, R. Samadani, L. Silverstein. 1994. "A Video Display Engineering and Optimization System -ViDEOS." SID '94 Digest. 197-200.

Lawrence, P., and C. Vlachoutsicos. 1993. "Joint Ventures in Russia: Put the Locals in Charge." Harvard Business Review. Jan.-Feb.:44-54.

------. 1993. "Managing Privatization." Harvard Business Review. Jul.-Aug.:152-158.

Lee, E.S., Y. Saito, and T. Uchida. 1993. "Topography Measurement of Rubbed Surface and Morphology-stamped Surface by AFM and LC Alignment on these Surfaces." ECLC 93 Abstracts, European Conference on Liquid Crystals. SI- 9:34.

Meier, W., and H. Finkelmann. 1991. "Liquid Crystal Elastomers with Piezoelectric Properties." MRS Bulletin 16:29.

Oseen, C.W. 1929. Flussige Kristalle, Tatsachen und Theorien, Fortschr, d. Chemie, A. Eucken, ed. 20 (B2). Borntrager, Berlin.

Ovchinnikov, A.A., and K.A. 1991. "Quasi-One Dimensional Percolation Model for the Conductivity of Doped Organic Semiconductors." Synthetic Metals, 41-43:2273- 3376.

Phillips, P., and H.L. Wu. 1991. "Localization and Its Absence: A New Metallic State for Conducting Polymers." Science 252:1805-1812.

Pitroda, S. 1993. "World View: Development, Democracy and the Village Telephone." Harvard Review. Nov.- Dec.:66.

Plat', N.A., ed. and trans. S.L. Schnur. 1989. Liquid Crystal Polymers. New York: Plenum Press.

Porter, M.E. 1990. "The Competitive Advantage of Nations." Harvard Business Review. Mar.-Apr.:73.

Rapini, A., and M. Papoular. 1969. J. Physique. 30:C4- 54.

Reich, R.B. 1992. The Work of Nations. New York: Vintage Books.

Sakai, K. 1990. "The Feudal World of Japanese Manufacturing." Harvard Business Review. Nov.- Dec.:38.

Salaneck, W.R., L. Lundstrom, and B. R†nby. 1993. "Conjugated Polymers and Related Materials, The Interconnection of Chemical and Electronic Structure." Proceedings of the Eighty-first Nobel Symposium. Oxford: Oxford University Press. Schadt, M. 1993. "Liquid Crystal Materials, Electro- optical Effects and Surface Interactions: Their Applications in Present and Future Devices." Plenary Lecture, The 14th International Liquid Crystal Conference Jun. 21-26 (Pisa, Italy); Liquid Crystals. 14:73-104.

Schadt, Martin, K. Schmitt, V. Kozinkov, and V. Chigrinov. 1992. "Surface-induced Parallel Alignment in Liquid Crystals by Linearly Polarized Photopolymers." Jpn. J. Appl. Phy. 31:2155-2164.

Scheffer, T., and J. Nehring. 1990. "The Twisted Nematic and Supertwisted Nematic Mode LCDs." In Liquid Crystals, Applications and Uses. 1:232. B. Bahadur, ed. New Jersey: World Scientific.

Schmiesser, D., and W. Goppel. 1993. "In-situ Investigations of the Conduction Mechanisms in Low-Dimensional Organic Semiconductors and Metals." Ber. Bunsenges. Phys. Chem. 97:372-378.

Sharp. 1993. Consolidated Financial Statements. Shibaev, B.P., and S.V. Byelyavev 1990. "Prospects for the Use of Functional Liquid Crystal and Polymers and Composites: Review." Polymer Science USSR/i> 32:2384-2428.

Tannas, L.E. and W.E. Glenn, eds. 1992. JTEC Panel Report on Display Technologies. Distributed by the National Technical Information Service of the U.S. Department of Commerce as NTIS Report PB92-100247.

Taylor, W. 1993. "Message and Muscle: An Interview with Swatch Titan Nicolas Hayek." Harvard Business Review. Mar.-Apr.:98.

TechSearch International Inc. Abstract: DR020.10.

TechSearch International, Inc. 1992. Abstract NE92101205, Nikkei Electronic and SW9211062 Semiconductor World.

Thomas, G.A. Private communication with author.

Toko, Y., T. Sugiyama, K. Katoh, Y. Iimura, and S. Kobayashi. 1993. "TN LCDs Fabricated by Non-Rubbing Showing Wide and Homogeneous Viewing Angular Characteristics and Excellent Voltage Holding Ratio." SID 93 Digest: 622-625.

Toshiba. 1992. Toshiba announcement 8/27/92. Nikkan Kogyo. TechSearch International Inc. Abstract DR159.12, DR162.06.

Toyooka, T., H. Itoh, and T. Satoh. 1993. "Optical Films Using Mono-Domain Liquid Crystal Polymers." ECLC 93 Abstracts, European Conference on Liquid Crystals. I- 10:15.

Voruslusev, V.P., V.G. Chigrinov, and Yu P. Panarin. 1993. Mol. Mat. 275:2.

Wiggenhorn, W. 1990. "Motorola U: When Training Becomes an Education." Harvard Business Review. Jul.-Aug.:71.

Yamada, Y., N. Yamamoto, M. Yamawaki, I. Kawamura. and Y. Suzuki. 1992. "Multi-Color Video Rate Antiferroelectric LCDs with High Contrast and Wide View." Proceedings of the 12th International Display Conference (Japan Display 1992).

Yamaguchi, N., H. Watanabe, and K. Yokoyama. 1989. "Wide Angle LCDs Using Retardation Films." Proceedings of the Ninth International Display Conference (Japan Display 1989):316.

Yusupov, R.G., D.A. Znamensky, Y.S. Friedszon, N.I. Boiko, and V.P. Shibaev. 1993. Langmuir-Blodgett Films of Liquid Crystalline Polymer with Cholesterol Side-groups as Electron Resists. (preprint).

Zvetkoff, V. 1942. Acta Physicochimica U.R.S.S. 16:232. (in German).

Zvetkoff, V. and A. Sosnovsky. 1943. Acta Physicochimica U.R.S.S. 18:358. (in English).

Published: December 1994; WTEC Hyper-Librarian