a-Si Amorphous Silicon

AMLCD Active Matrix Liquid Crystal Display

(Or homoepitaxy) epitaxial growth of material as substrate

CCD Charge Coupled Device

CDW Charge Density Wave

CMOS Complementary Metal Oxide Semiconductor

CRT Cathode-Ray Tube

CVD Chemical Vapor Deposition

Deuterated Potassium Dihydrogen Phosphate

DLTS Deep Level Transient Spectroscopy

DSC Differential Scanning Calorimetry

DSTN Double-layer STN (obsolete). Now replaced by retardation film ion on STN panel.

EBSL Electron Beam Stimulated Lasers

ECB Electrically Controlled Birefringence

EL Electroluminescent

ELD Electroluminescent Display

EM Electromagnetic

ERSO Electronics Research Service Organization

FED Field Emission Display

FET Field Effect Transistor

FLC Ferroelectric Liquid Crystal

frit A porous gasket

FSTN Film Supertwisted Nematic

FSU Former Soviet Union

FTIR Fourier Transform Infrared

GGG Gadolinium Gallium Garnet (substrate for Hubble memory lenses)

GIMS Grazing Incidence Mossbauer Spectroscopy

HDTV High Definition Television

Grow epitaxially a material different from the substrate

HF Hydrogen Fluoride

HUD Heads-up Display

IC Integrated Circuit

IR Infrared

ISCLC International Schools-Conference on Liquid Crystals

ITO Indium-tin-oxide

LCD Liquid Crystal Display

LED Light-Emitting Diode

LPE Liquid Phase Epitaxy

LSI Large-Scale Integration

MBE Molecular Beam Epitaxy

MCVD Modified Chemical Vapor Deposition

MESFET Metal Semiconductor Field Effects Transistor

mesogenic Able to form a liquid-crystalline phase

MIM Metal-Insulator-Metal

MIPS Million Instructions Per Second

MOCVD Metal Organic Chemical Vapor Deposition (epitaxial material)

NGR Nuclear Gamma Resonance

NMR Nuclear Magnetic Resonance

OIS Optical Imaging Systems

PDLC Polymer Dispersed Liquid Crystal

PECVD Plasma-Enhanced Chemical Vapor Deposition

PPD Plasma Panel Display

p-Si Polycrystalline Silicon

RGB Red-Green-Blue

RIE Reactive Ion Etching

SEM Scanning Electron Microscope

SLM Spatial Light Modulator

STM Scanning Tunneling Microscope

STN Supertwisted Nematic

TEM Transmission Electron Microscope

TFT Thin-Film Transistor

TN Twisted Nematic

UV Ultraviolet

VASI Visual Approach Slope Indicator

VFD Vacuum Fluorescent Display

VGA Color computer graphics standard featuring a minimum of 640 x 480 pixels

VLS Vapor-Liquid-Solid

VPE Vapor Phase Epitaxy (same as CVD)

Published: December 1994; WTEC Hyper-Librarian