NSF and DARPA defined the scope of the study in meetings in early 1997. WTECthen recruited a panel of U.S. experts, chaired by Raj Reddy, Dean of ComputerScience at Carnegie Mellon University. The panel is shown in Table 1.1, alongwith others who helped with the research in Japan and in producing the results.Short vitas are in Appendices A and B.

Table 1.1
Panel Members, Sponsors (*) and Staff (**)

Raj Reddy

Carnegie Mellon University

Tryg Ager

IBM Almaden Research Center

Rama Chellapa

University of Maryland

Bruce Croft

University of Massachusetts

Beth Davis-Brown

Library of Congress

Jerry Mendel

University of Southern California

Michael Shamos

Carnegie Mellon University

Ronald Larsen *


Lawrence Goldberg *


Duane Shelton **


Hiroshi Morishita **


The study was initiated at a kickoff meeting held in Arlington, Virginia inNovember 1997. WTEC staff then conducted a literature search, including asurvey of possible sites prepared by David Kanhaner of ATIP. Cecil Uyeharaworked with Hiroshi Morishita in Japan to make arrangements for the panel'sstudy tour in Japan. WTEC established a Web site at the outset of the study topublicize it to the research community (Horning 1997).

During March 21-28, 1998, panelists visited the 18 sites shown in Table 1.2by dividing the group into two teams. Complete systems were seen at the museumand universities, the National Diet Library, NACSIS, NAIST, Nikkei, and Toppan.The other sites typically demonstrated a half-dozen projects of enablingtechnologies. Appendix C contains detailed reports from each location.

Table 1.2
Sites Visited in Japan

Advanced Telecommunications Research Institute (ATR)

University of Library and Information Science


National Diet Library


National Ethnology Museum

IBM Japan


Keio University

NTT - Yokosuka

Kyoto University

Kyoto University Library


Toppan Printing

University of Tsukuba Library


Nara Institute of Science and Technology


The panel held a day-long workshop in Arlington, Virginia on May 12, 1998.More than 80 people attended, including representatives of the leading U.S.companies and Federal agencies concerned with this field. The panelistsdelivered presentations on the vision of all authored works online, thehardware and software architecture for delivering such vast databases, textsearch and retrieval systems, image databases issues, metadata methods fordigital libraries, and the economic, policy, educational applications andintellectual property aspects of digital libraries. Two of the panelists wereunable to be at the workshop, and Ronald Larsen and Lawrence Goldberg presentedtheir materials. The slide presentations from the workshop are available on theWeb (Tamburello 1998).

Published: February 1999; WTECHyper-Librarian