Europe and, to a lesser extent, Japan continue to look at new casting applications to replace forgings and stampings. Conversion from ferrous to nonferrous castings also is of interest. High capital investment requirements limit the number of process/product joint developments, semisolid forming being the exception. Automotive applications in both Europe and Japan have attracted the greatest interest. The only ferrous casting developments the WTEC team saw on its visits in Japan and Europe were in the area of investment cast components from golf clubs to rocker arms. The makers of titanium and its alloys, as well as glassy metals, are looking for products to apply their material developments in progress. Titanium alloys have found some growth in the golf club market.
Figures 5.8 to 5.17 show varied casting applications in Japan. Figures 5.18 to 5.23 illustrate the type of high quality casting being done in Europe.
Fig. 5.9. Japanese die cast aluminum products (Ahresty).
Fig. 5.10. Japanese die cast auto products (Ahresty).
Fig. 5.11. Japanese ceramic mold process (NPC).
Fig. 5.12. Varied Japanese cast parts (a) (Hitachi Metals Ltd.).
Fig. 5.13. Varied Japanese cast parts (b) (Hitachi Metals Ltd.).
Fig. 5.14. HIBASE and HISPLIT joints (Hitachi Metals Ltd.).
Fig. 5.15. Japanese cast wheels (Hitachi Metals Ltd.).
Fig. 5.16. Japanese cast auto parts (Hitachi Metals Ltd.).
Fig. 5.17. Titanium aluminide intermetallic compounds (IHI Co., Ltd.).
Fig. 5.18. European die cast gear box (Teksid).
Fig. 5.19. European high pressure die cast parts (Teksid).
Fig. 5.20. Lost foam cast parts (Teksid).
Fig. 5.21. European gravity semipermanent mold auto parts (Teksid).
Fig. 5.22. European aerospace castings (investment cast) (Teksid).
Fig. 5.23. European biomedical investment castings (Teksid).