Paul H. Mikkola
This chapter reports findings on new cast products being developed in Japan and in Europe. Product development in both of these areas is driven by the casting companies wanting to increase their business level or add to the value chain for the companies involved. In no cases did the WTEC team find that governmental assistance was involved in new product development. Most governmental assistance was in the area of process development or new cast materials and alloys. These subjects are covered in other chapters.