H. Wayne Hayden
This chapter reports findings on active R&D efforts in the Japanese casting industry directed at the development of new cast alloys and materials, new ceramic and cermet materials for application by the foundry industry, and major new process/product development activities such as amorphous metals and magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) effects in the continuous casting of steel rolling ingots.
The chapter is presented in terms of initiatives being undertaken by the Ministry of International Trade and Industry (MITI) and R&D on new materials and process/product technologies that were discussed in visits to Japanese universities, research institutes, and industry. In the many industrial visits, there was a range of approaches to R&D. Some organizations were entirely involved in production. Others were involved in R&D efforts aimed at process improvements -- especially cost reduction. Others were involved in both process and new product programs. It is the latter group that are included in this chapter.