Shimadzu, founded in 1875, employs approximately 4,300 persons. The company had 1992 sales of approximately $1.3 billion. Shimadzu's headquarters are in Kyoto. The company also has two factories in Kyoto; sales and marketing branch offices throughout Japan; overseas offices in Egypt, China, and Russia; and overseas subsidiaries in the United States, Germany, England, Austria, Italy, Singapore, Australia, and Brazil. The Bio-Applications Center is located in Tokyo. There are four main divisions in the company: Analytical Instruments, Medical Equipment, Aircraft Equipment, and Industrial Machinery. Virtually all of the company's focus is on analytical equipment and related test and evaluation systems. Shimadzu exports approximately 22-25% of its total sales.